|Physics in Higher Education
T. 10, N 2, 2004
5 Four Type Questions on Physics
10 About Successfulness of Training Students
17 Sources of a Successful Search of Problems Solutions of Physics
31 Condition of Equivalence of The Formulations the Second Law of a Thermodynamics
Pavel D. Nagornyy
41 Rotation of Interferometer in Moving Media
49 Using of Special Theory of Relativity in Solving of Some Problems, Considered in General Physics and Astronomy Courses
K.V. Bychkov1, A.S. Nifanov2, I.M. Saraeva2
60 Combination Traditional and Modern Computer Technology in Laboratory Practical Work
N.N. Bezryadin, T.V. Prokopova, E.M. Agapova, L.V. Vasilyeva
67 Dynamic Stabilization of Rayleigh-Taylor Instability and the Corresponding Dynamic Equilibrium
A.A. Ivanov jr., G.V. Povolotskaja
76 The Basic Directions of Computer Training
V.G. Suppes, M.D. Starostenkov, E.A. Dudnik
83 Physics in Professional Education of Specialists in Biological and Technological Field
V.I. Alexeev, A.S. Skobun
88 Features of a Laboratory Practical Work at the Rate of Medical and Biological Physics
A.I. Sirota, A.N. Volobuev, M.N. Shalaeva
121 Use of a Nuclear Reactor and Charged Particle Accelerators in Social Sphere
V.V. Larionov, VS. Skuridin
Four Type Questions on Physics
The conception of teaching physics on the basis of four type study questions is described. Its main predestination is to help students to form the stable habits of the system approach to studying physics. The statements of the conception being discussed are illustrated by numerous concrete examples of these four type questions. This paper is addressed to teachers of universities and colleges, students, and to school pupils of elder classes as well.
Analysis of successfulness of training students should take into account both successfulness of execution of educational activities and successfulness of forming knowledge and skills. Two systems of evaluating - The Rating system and control scanning of knowledge (SREZ) make it possible to carry out some diagnostic investigation of successfulness of training students. Diagnostics of successfulness not only define the level of successfulness but also let us analyses the reasons of their success or failure. The results of diagnosing successfulness of training the students of the faculty of electrification and automation of agricultural production KSAA in 2000 and 2002 show the deterioration of successfulness.
Sources of a Successful Search of Problems Solutions of Physics
In the article the results of psychological and methodological analysis of problems solutions of physics by productive thinking are presented. The structure of operative information system, the role of generalizations and image thinking are revealed. The peculiarities of psychology thinking and the methodology of the search of problems solutions are noted. This gives clear orienting to the physics teaching process, the aim of which is to form the ability of searching problems solutions.
Is shown, that the equivalence of the formulations of the Second Law of a thermodynamics, given by Tomson and Klauzius, and the formulation of this Law as the Law of increase of an entropy is not unconditional. The condition of equivalence of these formulations is found.
Rotation of Interferometer in Moving Media
It is shown that Michelson interferometer with equal arms in unidirectional rotation mode has the property of unidirectional displacement of its interferential picture. It is shown also that observer or registering device rotation around the interferometer (during the experiment) leads to two-fold increasing of the angle period of picture displacement receipted by observer in comparison with theoretically calculated in the inertial system of readings.
Using of Special Theory of Relativity in Solving of Some Problems, Considered
in General Physics and Astronomy Courses
We propose several fundamental physics problems to be solved by first and second year university students, such as Doppler effect and transformations of electric and magnetic fields. The given solutions do not require complicate mathematics.
Combination Traditional and Modern Computer Technology in Laboratory
The Presented experience of the functioning the pulpit physicists to technological academy on shaping scholastic-methodical complex, combining scholastic experiment and greatly approximate to him computer variant of the laboratory practical work. The Virtual experiment is considered as methodical instruction on electronic carrier, intended for preparing student to performing the laboratory work on instrument model. It is offered variant restoring school knowledge of the education within the framework of given scholastic-methodical complex.
Dynamic Stabilization of Rayleigh -Taylor Instability
and the Corresponding Dynamic Equilibrium
A new practical work on dynamic stabilization of Rayleigh-Taylor instability is proposed. The instability takes place at the border surface of two fluids; the system is stabilized in the state of the corresponding dynamic equilibrium. One can obtain this stabilization experimentally, e.g., by arranging a system consisting of an aqueous solution of potassium iodide (KI, the density ρh = 1,6 g/см3) as a heavy fluid and an oil (viscosity 140, density density ρl=0,9 g/см) as a light fluid. Parametric resonances in this case turn out to be suppressed, however, they can be observed with an oil of a lower viscosity.
The Basic Directions of Computer Training
In work on the basis of the analysis of the publications of last years the basic directions of computer training are revealed. A number(line) of computer laboratory works on physics of a firm body is offered. The given works can be used at study of a rate of physics in technical high schools, and also in pedagogical high schools for a specialty " physics and physics - computer science ".
Physics in Professional Education of Specialists in Biological and Technological
The problems of natural science disciplines, and physics in particular, the role of State educational standard and the introduction of high educational institution Common methodological system are discussed. The difference in significance of physical knowledge in the activities of specialists in physics and specialists in other fields of specialization is underlined, which lies in the fact that the first group of specialists is directed towards the subject of professional activities whilst the second group of specialists is directed towards its object. It is shown that there is no need for creation educational disciplines special in content for each of non-physics discipline as learning the section of object system analysis in the beginning of the course will let any specialist ground the need of understanding of the physical functional object subsystems interactions.
Features of Laboratory Practical Work at the Rate of Medical and Biological
The purposes and tasks of a laboratory practical work on medical and biological physics are considered. The brief description of laboratory installations developed and made on faculty of medical and biological physics Samara State Medical University is given.
Use of a Nuclear Reactor and Charged Particle Accelerators in Social
In Tomsk polytechnic university on research nuclear reactor IRT-T for a number of years on the basis of an irradiation of a molybdenum-99 the neutron flux 1,7x1014 n/sm2∙s, and also at an irradiation of a tellurium and gold by deuterons on a cyclotron, is realized production radiopharmaceuticals that has important social importance. The Information about this can be useful when reading the lectures on the general physics (p. 2, 3) and for course "The Concept of modern natural sciences ".