Physics in Higher Education
T. 13, N 2, 2007
The contents

3 On the Conservation Laws in Mechanics
V.I. Nikolaev
14 Using for Solutions of Electrostatic Tasks
A.S. Nifanov, I.M. Saraeva
26 Cognitive Analysis of the Process of Solution of Training Physical Tasks
A.A. Gileev
38 After-School Programs in Physics for High School Students: a Form of College-School Collaboration and a Way to Improve Physics Instruction
G.A. Rozman
48 Some Extracts About Application of "New Approaches" in Physics Education
A.A. Avetisov
51 Education Schoolboys Scientific Method of the Study of the Physical Phenomena
G.P. Stefanova, I.A. Krutova
58 The Contents, Organization and Principles of Construction of a Laboratory Practical Work on the General Physics at Universities
V.V. Smirnov
69 Laboratory-Project Works in the Physical Practical Training System of Technical Universities
V.V. Larionov, S.B. Pisarenko, A.M. Lider
78 Experience of Pre-Higher School and Engineering Training in the System of Non-Stop Physics' Teaching
A.F. An
89 Study of a Resonance Using Tuning Fork and Computer in Student's Laboratory
Ya.A. Zakharov, Yu.V. Lysogorskiy
99 New Laboratory Practical Work on the Basis of Surface Waveguide
G.N. Lobova
104 The Imaginary Single-Slit Diffraction of Light
P.M. Mednis
112 Computer Simulation of Interaction of Waves with Arbitrary Orientation of Their Lines Polarization
A.V. Ermakov, N.Ya. Molotkov
118 The Problems Training Teaches for Profile School
G.I. Kitaygorodskaya
126 Study Modern Communications Facilities in Radio Club and in Course of Preparing the Leaders of School Radio Clubs at the Physical Department of the Volgograd State Pedagogical University
E.M. Skazatova, V.V. Poltavets
132 Abstracts


On the Conservation Laws in Mechanics
V.I. Nikolaev
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics

In this article, the various versions of the conservation laws in mechanics are analyzed - the conservation laws of the impulse, the impulse momentum, and the mechanical energy.


Using for Solutions of Electrostatic Tasks
A.S. Nifanov, I.M. Saraeva
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics

A number of electrostatic tasks with solutions are proposed in this paper. The based on the electrostatic uniqueness theorem is used. The tasks are meant for the seminar classes for junior students.


Cognitive Analysis of the Process of Solution of Training Physical Tasks
A.A. Gileev
Samara State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering

In the work the analysis of the cognitive operations, accomplished at the different stages of the process of solution of training physical tasks, is carried out. The importance of the primary working of text and intelligent formation of the mental means of the situation described under the condition is shown. It is indicated to existence "cognitive resource", which limits the level of the complexity of the decided tasks. The formation of the representations of physical phenomena occurs on the basis of cognitive structures. Physical model appears during the allotment of complex cognitive structure with the particular signs of the task in question. Operating by physical models and by the relations between them assumes developed three-dimensional thinking.
 

After-School Programs in Physics for High School Students: a Form of College-School Collaboration and a Way to Improve Physics Instruction
G.A. Rozman
Pskov State Pedagogical Institute

The article summarizes the experience of the author, a university professor, in guiding physics after-school programs for high schools students. Two elaborated curricula, which have been developed and improved over more than three decades, are described. The multiple benefits of this type of college-school collaborations are presented and discussed.


Some Extracts About Application of "New Approaches" in Physics Education
A.A. Avetisov
Moscow State Technology University "Stankin"
127055, Moscow, Vadkovsky b/st, 1

Some problems concerning application of "new approaches" in physics education are discussed in this article.


Education Schoolboys Scientific Method of the Study of the Physical Phenomena
G.P. Stefanova, I.A. Krutova
Astrakhan' State University

The technique of training of pupils is offered to the generalized way of research of the physical phenomena with use of the experiment, allowing schoolboys to seize a scientific method of knowledge.


The Contents, Organization and Principles of Construction of a Laboratory Practical Work on the General Physics at Universities
V.V. Smirnov
Astrakhan' State University

For an estimation of efficiency of existing practical works on the general physics in a number of universities of Russia ascertaining experiment has been performed. Its results testify to necessity of modification for existing practice of teaching carrying out. In work 4 typical experimental tasks solved during performance of a practical work are single out. The generalized ways of their solution are considered.


Laboratory-Project Works in the Physical Practical Training System of Technical Universities
V.V. Larionov, S.B. Pisarenko, A.M. Lider
Tomsk Polytechnic University
E-mail: larionov@galore.tomsk.ru

It is shown, that laboratory-project works in a technical university as a method of training to physics are expedient for carrying out in the environment of a composite physical practical training which includes the interconnected combination of virtual, computing and natural experiment, and also the visual system. Examples of performance of concrete laboratory-project works in Tomsk polytechnic university are discussed.


Experience of Pre-Higher School and Engineering Training in the System of Non-Stop Physics' Teaching
A.F. An
Vladimir State University, Murom Institute (Filial)
e-mail: anaf1@yandex.ru

Within the frames of realizing the priority directions in education's development the main tasks, structural-pedagogical accomplishment and some results of personality-oriented training specialists in the system of non-stop physics' teaching are discussed in the given article.


Study of a Resonance Using Tuning Fork and Computer in Student's Laboratory
Ya.A. Zakharov, Yu.V. Lysogorskiy
Kazan' State University
Yuri.Zakharov@ksu.ru

Educational laboratory equipment for study of the tuning fork resonance under influence of the sound generated by personal computer is presented. Vibration response of the tuning fork is registered by the same computer through the microphone entry. Special program plots a resonance curve in automatic scan mode. Variations of all physical parameters having influence on the resonance, calculations and graphic presentation of the experimental data are provided. Advantage of this educational research is a high presentation of the studied phenomena.

 
New Laboratory Practical Work on the Basis of Surface Waveguide
G.N. Lobova
Omsk State Technical University
lobova_galina@mail.ru

In article the essentially new laboratory practical work from 12 jobs is described. In a basis of a practical work is fixed modern results of research surface waveguide as a line Goubau. They have opened an opportunity of development of new technology of construction of antennas.


The Imaginary Single-Slit Diffraction of Light
P. M. Mednis
Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University

The imaginary single-slit diffraction formed by an opaque object placed nearby orthogonal to a mirror is considered. For limiting cases Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffractions the intensities patterns are derived. The observation possibilities of the diffraction in laboratory experiment conditions are discussed.


Computer Simulation of Interaction of Waves with Arbitrary Orientation of Their Lines Polarization
A.V. Ermakov, N.Ya. Molotkov
Tambov State Technical University

The interaction of two coherent waves with arbitrary orientation of their lines polarization is observed. The theory of addition of two coherent waves with arbitrary orientation of their lines polarization and the theory of their interference with analyzator availability are given. The computer simulation results of observing interaction are equal the experimental results in the centimeter electromagnetic wave band.


The Problems Training Teaches for Profile School
G.I. Kitaygorodskaya
Komi Pedagogical State Institute
Komi Republican Institute of Development Education and Retraining Specialists

The article deals with the training teachers of physics for profile school. The program of the specialized course "Psychological, pedagogical and methodical peculiarities of profile training in school" is offered.


Study Modern Communications Facilities in Radio Club and in Course of Preparing the Leaders of School Radio Clubs at the Physical Department of the Volgograd State Pedagogical University
E.M. Skazatova, V.V. Poltavets
Volgograd State Pedagogical University

In the article were examined the problems of preparing the future teachers of Physics for management at school radio clubs at the Physical Department of the Volgograd State Pedagogical University and the specialties of study of modern communications facilities in radio club . The attention was paid to Japanese technical equipment, which is nowadays used wide by communications organization in our country.