Physics in Higher Education
V. 15, N 1, 2009
The contents
3 Problems of Physical Education and Way of Their Decision in the Light of Materials
of èth Conference «Modern Physical Practice»
G.P. Stefanova, M.B. Shapochkin, N.V. Kalachev, V.V. Smirnov,
A.M. Lihter, O.M. Alykova
14 The ProblemFocused Laboratory Practical Work with Elements the Activity Approach as Means of Fastening of Knowledge on Methods of Mathematical Physics
N.V. Kalachev, A.V. Smirnov, O.V. Mirzabekova
19
Intersubject Communication between Physics and Theoretical Bases Electrical Engineers
I.V. Belitsyn, T.V. Kotyrlo, G.G. Spirin, V.I. Shishkovsky
32
Physical Practical Work in System of Through Designing
V.V. Merkulova, M.I. Shafiev
44
Automated Laboratory Installation for Definition of Brewster’s Angle
E.E. Fiskind, E.O. Levashkina, O.P. Matveev
49 Experiments on Light Polarization
J.A. Brazhkin, S.G. Kalenkov, V.V. Nizhegorodov
54 On a Problem of Optimization of Organizational Structure and Methodical Background
of a Physical Practical Work
T.M. Elkanova
60
Laboratory Practical Work on a RadioActivity and to Radioactive Radiations
V.A. Belyanin
73
Technique of Problem Education of Physics at Technical University on the Basis of Information Technologies
T.V. Kotyrlo, G.G. Spirin, I.V. Belitsyn, A.V. Makarov
84 Physics Teaching in NonPhysical High Schools
I.D. Kotlyarov
91
Computer Technologies at Realization of School Physical Experiments
A.V. Eltsov, I.A. Zakharkin, V.A. Stepanov
100 Problems of Creation of the School Computerized Practical Work on the Physicist and Possible Ways of Their Decision
N.K. Khannanov, D.M. Zhilin, S.V. Khomenko, A.Yu. Tsutskih,
M.M. Sazonov, O.A. Povalyaev
114
Criteria of an Estimation of Examinations on Preparatory Courses
A.V. Burmistrov
122 Educational Literature on the Physicist in the Light of Change of the State Educational Standards: Problems, Prospects, Development
A.V. Nikiforov, A.S. Tsybina
129 Abstracts
134 Information
Abstracts
Problems of Physical Education and Way of Their Decision in the Light of Materials of èth Conference «Modern Physical Practice»
G.P. Stefanova*, M.B. Shapochkin, N.V. Kalachev, V.V. Smirnov*, A.M. Lihter*, O.M. Alykova*
Physical Institute of P.N. Lebedev of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Moscow Physical Society, Moscow
*Astrakhan’ State University
kalachev@sci.lebedev.ru, kof@aspu.ru
Representatives of Program and organizational committees and organizers
of conference have presented the report on the last conference, have summed up the last discussions, and have planned ways of the decision of problems of physical education
to high schools of our country. Decision of èth conference «Modern physical practical work» is published.
The ProblemFocused Laboratory Practical Work with Elements the Activity Approach as Means of Fastening of Knowledge on Methods of Mathematical Physics
N.V. Kalachev, A.V. Smirnov *, O.V. Mirzabekova **
Physical Institute of P.N. Lebedev of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
*Moscow Pedagogical State University
**Astrakhan State Technical University
kalachev@sci.lebedev.ru, smirnovav@rambler.ru, omirzabekova@yandex.ru
It is known, that methods of mathematical physics are widely used for estimation and the forecast of practically significant problems in professional work of engineers. In given article one of possible approaches of formation at students – the future engineers of representations about methods of mathematical physics by means of the problemfocused laboratory physical practical work (on an example of studying of mechanical fluctuations of various oscillatory systems) is considered. The presented technique promotes training of students to development of methods of mathematical physics at level of the decision of the problemfocused professional problems connected with designing of a various sort of technical oscillatory systems.
Intersubject Communication between Physics and Theoretical Bases Electrical Engineers
I.V. Belitsyn, T.V. Kotyrlo, G.G. Spirin*, V.I. Shishkovsky
Altay State Technical University of I.I. Polzunov, Barnaul
*Moscow Aviation Institute (Technical University)
Authors offer and develop mathematical model and a design procedure of the electromagnetic field created by an airline of electricity transmissions. Intersubject communications between physics and theoretical bases electrical engineers are discussed.
Physical Practical Work in System of Through Designing
V.V. Merkulova, M.I. Shafiev*
The Astrakhan construction institute
414056 Astrakhan, Tatischev’s street, 18,
Vera_fizika@mail.ru
*Astrakhan state university
414056 Astrakhan, Tatischev’s street, 20Á,
shfievmi@mail.ru
In the given work methodical questions on creation of a special physical practical work for students of building specialties which considers professional specificity of students are considered. It is shown, that efficiency of studying of physics is improved in the presence of interrelation of physics with the future professional work of the student. Examples of realization of a technique of through designing in a physical laboratory practical work are resulted.
Automated Laboratory Installation for Definition of Brewster’s Angle
E.E. Fiskind, E.O. Levashkina, O.P. Matveev
Nizhniy Tagil State Sociallypedagogical Academy
Email: fiskind@ntspi.ru
The automated laboratory installation for studying of light polarization is developed and created at reflection light from a surface dielectric characterized by high accuracy of measurement of Brewster’s angle. The personal computer is used for generation of impulses of the management providing turn of optical elements, and registration of a signal of the photogauge. The software allows deducing on the monitor the schedule of dependence of a signal of the photogauge from an angle of falling of light on a glass plate.
Experiments on Light Polarization
J.A. Brazhkin, S.G. Kalenkov, V.V. Nizhegorodov
Moscow State Technical University "MAMI"
Russia, 107023, Moscow, B. Semenovskaja’s street, 38
Email: brazhkin48@mail.ru
The description and experimental realization of experiences on demonstration of the polarizing phenomena in optics is resulted. Schemes of experiments on supervision of polarizing effects are submitted at light passage through the crossed polarizers. Entering into the scheme of experiment of the third polarizer leads to light occurrence on the screen. Experiment is extended to cases of a laser light source, light reflection under Brewster’s angle. Photos of the installations realizing given effects are resulted.
On a Problem of Optimization of Organizational Structure and Methodical Background of a Physical Practical Work
T.M. Elkanova
The North Ossetia State University
362000, Vladikavkaz, Markus street, 24
tamel@inbox.ru
Methods of activization of cognitive activity and development of creative independence of students in the course of performance of a physical practical work are offered. Methodical grants of new structure are described.
Laboratory Practical Work on a RadioActivity and to Radioactive Radiations
V.A. Belyanin
Mari State University
424002, Ioshkar Ola, street Communistic, 44
Email: skva12@mail.ru
The structure and the maintenance of an educational laboratory practical work on research of the phenomenon of a radioactivity and radioactive radiations, and also experience of its use is discussed by training of the future teachers of physics. The peculiar features of the laboratory assignments making a practical work are described. Variants of inclusion of the computer in structure of laboratory installations are considered.
Technique of Problem Education of Physics at Technical University on the Basis of Information Technologies
T.V. Kotyrlo, G.G. Spirin*, I.V. Belitsyn, A.V. Makarov
Altay State Technical University of I.I. Polzunov, Barnaul
*Moscow Aviation Institute (Technical University)
Authors on a concrete example (application of the theorem OstrogradskyGauss) offer and develop a technique of inclusion of computer demonstrations and experiment, for the problem training stimulating the permission of a problem situation.
Physics Teaching in NonPhysical High Schools
I.D. Kotlyarov
The St.Petersburg State EngineeringEconomic University
lrpg@mail.ru
In offered article problems with teaching physical course components of "the Concept of modern natural sciences» (CMNS) in nonphysical high schools and a way of their decision are considered. Intersubject communications CMNS within the limits of education of economistsmathematicians are offered. The preliminary program on physical a component for economistsmathematicians is made.
Computer Technologies at Realization of School Physical Experiments
A.V. Eltsov, I.A. Zakharkin, V.A. Stepanov
S.A. Yesenin Ryazan State University
390000 Ryazan of street of Freedom 46
a.eltsov@rsu.edu.ru
Authors offer and develop the technique of computer demonstrations considerably expanding possibilities of modeling demonstration experiment that allows to model and observe in school physical laboratory many, earlier inaccessible to studying, the phenomena.
Problems of Creation of the School Computerized Practical Work on the Physicist and Possible Ways of Their Decision
N.K. Khannanov, D.M. Zhilin, S.V. Khomenko, A.Yu. Tsutskih, M.M. Sazonov, O.A. Povalyaev
Open Company «Scientific Entertainments», Moscow
Oleg_povalyaev@mail.ru
On the physicist the practical work is developed for 1011 classes of the high school, based on application of the minilaptop as the tool of data gathering, their processing and representation of results, and also use of the labware designed taking into account application of gauges. The practical work includes as statement of traditional experiences with use of new possibilities on reception and data processing, and the experiments which performance earlier at school was not represented possible. The big attention in work is given didactic problems, in particular, to search of an optimum combination of automatic and manual data processing and its realisation in the computer program, an estimation of errors of the measurements which are carried out by means of gauges of physical sizes. The questions, concerning technical simplicity and safety of the equipment, necessity of conscious configuration by pupils of experimental installation from separate elements are considered.
Criteria of an Estimation of Examinations on Preparatory Courses
A.V. Burmistrov
Egorevsky Institute of Technology (branch) MSTU "Stankin"
140300, Egoryevsk, the Moscow area, street Tradeunion, 34.
Email: av_burmistrov@rambler.ru
Criteria of estimation for two types of examinations on preliminary courses on the physicist are offered. The first type on variant structure is similar to variant Unified State Examination (USE), the second corresponds to traditional entrance examinations. Comparison of the offered criteria to the criteria applied on USE is spent. Results can be of interest for teachers of preliminary courses and members of admission commissions.
Educational Literature on the Physicist in the Light of Change of the State Educational Standards: Problems, Prospects, Development
A.V. Nikiforov, A.S. Tsybina
Open Company "Publishing House "LAN"
192029 St.Petersburg, the Obschestvenniy lane, 5
Email: lan@lpbl.spb.ru
Problems of conformity of the educational literature to the state educational standards of the third generation, criteria of an estimation of quality of the educational literature, change in educational techniques and in teaching of a modern course of physics in high schools are considered.
