Physics in Higher Education
V. 15, N 2, 2009

The contents

3 The Great Physicist of XX Centuries – Louis de Broglie
A.F. Smyk, L.I. Urutskoev
10 n Two Types of Impacts in Mechanics
V.I. Nikolaev
19 Teaching Physics at American Universities
S.G. Gilmiarova
25 Main Problems of Education in Physics at Technical University
I.V. Alexandrov, A.M. Afanasjeva, V.R. Strokina, S.V. Tuchkov
33 Project Competent Learning of Physics in the Institute of Electrical Engineering of Tomsk Polytechnic University
V.V. Larionov, E.V. Lisichko, S.I. Tverdohlebov
43 omputerized Laboratory Work on the Investigation of Acoustic Emission Produced by Different Objects
V.V. Larionov, Yu.P. Cherdantsev, I.P. Chernov
49 The Role of Methodological Knowledge in Laboratory Works in Physics
Yu.A. Andreenko, N.S. Purysheva
55 Use of Computer Laboratory Works for Studying Dynamics of Nonlinear Oscillatory Processes
T.Ja. Dubnishcheva, A.D. Rozhkovsky
63 Special Physical Practice for Magisters Trained as to Program «Physics of Optical Phenomenon»
T.V. Voloshina, I.V. Kavezkaya, A.N. Latyshev, L.Yu. Leonova
72 The Peculiarities of Physics Laboratory Training Organization with Application of Interim Language in the Conditions of Humanitarization of Physical Education
V.I. Danilchuk, D.V. Kovrizhnykh
79 The Organization of Fundamental Physical Experiments in School Conditions
K.V. Dautova, G.F. Akhtaryanova
86 The Personal Oriented Approachand the Execution of Frontal Laboratory Works in the Secondary School
V.A. Stepanov, N.B. Fyodorova, R.V. Ufimsky
94 The Role and Content of Physical Experiment in General Physics’ Course for the Specialties of Information Mathematical Direction of Universities (Section «Optics and Atomic Physics»)
O.M. Alykova, A.M. Likhter, V.V. Smirnov, A.D. Kiseleva
107 Teaching Pedagogical Design and Making of Physics Digital Educational Resources Physical Department’s Students at the Pedagogical Universities
S.A. Smirnov
110 The Laboratory Practical Studies on Electromagnetism and Electrotechnical Disciplines with Using Virtual Measuring Instruments and LabVIEW Programmed Medium
V.A. Alekhin, A.N. Anishchenko, N.G. Anishchenko, N.V. Gorbunov, I.M. Gramenitsky,
O.V. Strekalovsky, A.V. Shchipunov
119 Physics Practical Work for the Lack of Laboratory
A.V. Yuriev
123 Conducting Architecture Education_research Operations and Specialised Physical Practical Work in the N.G. Basov Higher School of Physicists of MEPhI – FIAN
I.N. Zavestovskaja, O.N. Krohin, V.V. Shestakov
140 Abstracts
147 Memories of V.V. Svetozarov
148 Information

 

The Great Physicist XX Centuries – Louis de Broglie
A.F. Smyk, L.I. Urutskoev
127550, Moscow, Moscow State University of Printing Arts
e-mail: afsmyk@mail.ru, urleonmgup@yandex.ru

Keywords: Wave mechanics, quantum mechanics, Schrodinger equation, corpuscular and wave structure of matter and radiation, de Broglie wavelength, law phase of harmony.

The article is devoted the analysis of a scientific heritage the one of founders of wave mechanics (the Nobel Prize in physics 1929) Louis de Broglie. Works de Broglie for a variety of causes many long years remain unknown to wide sections of physicists and experts of adjacent areas. The Moscow State University of the Printing Arts begin the edition in Russian the selected proceedings of Louis de Broglie who will allow to receive a fuller appreciation about the great physicist of the XX-th century, whose scientific destiny can serve as the sample of indefatigable search of true.

n Two Types of Impacts in Mechanics
V.I. Nikolaev
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics

Keywords: absolutely elastic and absolutely inelastic impact.

The question on various versions of treatment of “absolutely elastic impact” and “absolutely inelastic impact” in mechanics is discussed. The article analyses the probable causes of mistakes made by students and school pupils during the process of decision of tasks on the topic connected with these two impacts. The attention is paid to the statement that arbitrary is inadmissible when forming the notations system in physics as an educational branch.

Teaching Physics at American Universities
S.G. Gilmiarova
Bashkir State Pedagogical University (Ufa)
e-mail: sgilmiarova@mail.ru

Keywords: physics, teaching physics at the universities, system of higher education, American university, the USA.
The author of the article got the Fulbright grants twice and worked at the different  universities in the USA. The system of higher education in America is described. Special attention is given to teaching physics to undergraduate students.

Main Problems of Education in Physics at Technical University
I.V. Alexandrov, A.M. Afanasjeva, V.R. Strokina, S.V. Tuchkov
Ufa State Aviation Technical University
e-mail: physica@mail.rb.ru

Keywords: physics, education, training methods, modern educational technologies, base and professional competencies, student’s independent work, point-rating system of check-up, quality of training, teaching materials in the course “Contemporary Physics”

In this article tendencies of development are generalized and the main problems of education in physics at technical university are formulated.

Project Competent Learning of Physics in the Institute of Electrical Engineering of Tomsk Polytechnic University
V.V. Larionov, E.V. Lisichko, S.I. Tverdohlebov
Tomsk Polytechnic University
e-mail: larionov@galore.tomsk.ru

Keywords: project oriented learning, example of project, lecture-hall computed, interactive communication, line learning.

Methods of organization and realization seminars on physics in the Institute of Electrical Engineering of Tomsk Polytechnic University are presented.

Computerized Laboratory Work on the Investigation of Acoustic Emission Produced by Different Objects
V.V. Larionov, Yu.P. Cherdantsev, I.P. Chernov
Tomsk Polytechnic University
e-mail: larionov@galore.tomsk.ru

Keywords: acoustic emission, mechanical deformation, hydrogen pickup of metals, energy elastic waves, information technology fields

The paper presents a concise description of a new laboratory work on the General Physics Course. Investigated were mechanical elastic waves (acoustic emission) appeared at deformation and hydrogen pickup of metals within the frequency range from 20 kHz to 2 MHz. The duration and energy of acoustic mission as well its amplitude have been measured. The implementation of this laboratory work in the educational process has become possible due to the latest achievements in the information technology fields.

The Role of Methodological Knowledge in Laboratory Works in Physics
Yu.A. Andreenko
State Technological University “MIS&A”
N.S. Purysheva
Moscow Pedagogical State University

Keywords: architecture of educational process, creation of laboratory paths, the complete equipment of laboratory operations, methodological principle.

The role of methodological knowledge in laboratory works is analyzed. The conclusion is made that methodological principal must be the foundation of laboratory trajectory and the topic of laboratory works.

Use of Computer Laboratory Works for Studying Dynamics of Nonlinear Oscillatory Processes

T.Ja. Dubnishcheva, A.D. Rozhkovsky
Novosibirsk State University of Economy and Management

Keywords: nonlinear oscillatory processes, computer laboratory works, clearness of abstract and analytical models, nonlinear oscillator, self-oscillatory system, bifurcations, dynamic chaos.

The developed computer laboratory works for study of the basic concepts of dynamics of nonlinear oscillatory processes are presented. There is among them Flash-animation-technology which, at relative simplicity, represents most ample opportunities for creation of interactive illustrations of various phenomena. In works are used both analytical models – linear oscillator with losses, self-oscillatory system and Lorentz’s model, and numerical one – logistical Ferhust’s equation. Consecutive performance of the laboratory work tasks allows to students to receive evident representations about such concepts as: attractors, bifurcations, the stability of nonlinear systems, fractal structures and dynamic chaos.

Special Physical Practicum for Magistracy Trained as to Program «Physics of Optical Phenomenon»
T.V. Voloshina, I.V. Kavezkaya, A.N. Latyshev, L.Yu. Leonova
Voronezh State University
pt@phys.vsu.ru

Keywords: Special physical practical work, simulation of physical processes, a data handling.

In this article are considered some aspects of the methodology of arranging special physical practicum as to magisterial program «Physics of optical phenomenon» which is found on the basis of the chair of optics and spectroscopy in Voronezh State University. Practicum hypothesizes as studies of theoretical bases and the experimental approaches of the luminescence analysis of substance, so and applying of specialized software for modeling of studied physical processes and processing of data received as a result the carrying out of educational-exploratory experiment.

The Peculiarities of Physics Laboratory Training Organization with Application of Interim Language in the Conditions of Humanitarization of Physical Education
V.I. Danilchuk*, D.V. Kovrizhnykh
*Volgograd State Pedagogical University
Physics Department of Volgograd State Medical University

Keywords: laboratory physical practical work, intermediate language, humanitarization of physical education

The significance and the peculiarities of Physics laboratory training organization with application of interim language in terms of the conditions of humanitarization of physical education are shown in the article. The personally significant situations could be created by means of exercises and problems the examples of which are given in the article.

The Organization of Fundamental Physical Experiments in School Conditions
K.V. Dautova
Bashkir State Pedagogical University named after M. Akmullah
144 Abstracts
G.F. Akhtaryanova
The Novokul Secondary School of Nuriman region Republic of Bashkortostan

Keywords: teaching physics at High schools, historical experiments in teaching physics, student’s project, repeating the Fizeau‘s experiment on the determination of light speed.

Examination of organization of project and researching activities of pupils in the context of carrying out historical experiments: structure, sequence of work, results by the example of fundamental experiment of Fizeau of speed of light‘s finding out.

The Personal-Oriented Approach and the Execution of Frontal Laboratory Works in the Secondary School
V.A. Stepanov, N.B. Fyodorova, R.V. Ufimsky
Ryazan State University of a name of S.A.Yesenin
390000 Ryazan, Freedom 46
E-mail: n.fedorova@rsu.edu.ru

Keywords: the personal-oriented approach, frontal laboratory works, notebook of a different level, educational-methodical complex, students’ personal qualities.

This article deals with the problem appearing during the study of physics in the secondary school, and is connected with the execution of laboratory works and the course of practical physics. Also the efficiency of the use of the personal - oriented approach in the education is shown. It reveals the improvement of the educational and methodical system, which allows organizing individual work of each student taking into account
his specific features, inclinations and interests.

The Role and Content of Physical Experiment in General Physics’ Course for The Specialties of Information-Mathematical Direction of Universities (Section «Optics And Atomic Physics»)
O.M. Alykova, A.M. Likhter, V.V. Smirnov, A.D. Kiseleva
Astrakhan’ State University
E-mail: kof@aspu.ru

Keywords: optimization of the scholastic process, complex, computer methods in education, modeling, lecture demonstrations.

This article is devoted to the approach to teaching of general physics’ course for the specialties of information-mathematical direction, based on application of laboratory facilities produced by Phywe Systems to implement lecture demonstration experiments in real time and in virtual form (video or flash-animation). As examples the developed scripts of some lecture demonstration experiments are resulted.

Teaching Pedagogical Design and Making of Physics Digital Educational Resources Physical Department’s Students at the Pedagogical Universities
S.A. Smirnov
Moscow Pedagogical State University
E-mail: cbteacher@mail.ru

Keywords: pedagogical design, digital educational resources, physics.

The article is dedicated to the problem of preparation of students to the pedagogical design and creating of the digital educational resources for physics education at school. Also you can find the short description of each stage of the process of educating of students on this subject.

The Laboratory Practical Studies on Electromagnetism and Electrotechnical Disciplines with Using Virtual Measuring Instruments and LabVIEW Programmed Medium
V.A. Alekhin*, A.N. Anishchenko, N.G. Anishchenko, N.V. Gorbunov,
I.M. Gramenitsky, O.V. Strekalovsky, A.V. Shchipunov
State Dubna International University for Nature, Society, and Man;
*State Moscow Institute for Radio Engineering, Electronics, and Automation
(Technical university, MIREA).

Keywords: Laboratory practical studies, Electromagnetism, Electrotechnic and electronics, Miniature electrotechnical laboratory (MEL), Analog-to-digital converter, Microprocessing board for control and experimental data collection.

The portable “Miniature electrotechnical laboratory MEL” is developed and contains 20 various laboratory works on electromagnetism part of general physics and electrotechnical disciplines. The combined virtual apparatus VIMEL-1 for joint functioning with MEL is developed with Lab VIEW programmed medium. VIMEL-1 regulates the channels amplification, reflects signals shape and spectrum, measures an amplitude, frequency, wave phase difference etc. MEL equipment with analog lead-in module and with virtual apparatus VIMEL-1 makes it possible to refuse from standard multimeters and oscillographs, when a laboratory practical study with MEL is carrying out.

Physics Practical Work for the Lack of Laboratory
A.V. Yuriev
Saratov’ Grammar school N 3
410012, Saratov, B. Kazachja’s street, 121

Keywords: exit schools; out-of-class operation; nonconventional laboratory operations

The questions of carrying out extracurricular alternative laboratory works in physics in the open air are being under consideration. If having a well-equipped physics laboratory these extracurricular activities can be optional.

Conducting Architecture Education-research Operations and Specialized Physical Practical Work in the N.G. Basov Higher School of Physicists of MEPhI-FIAN
I.N. Zavestovskaja1,2, O.N. Krohin1,2, V.V. Shestakov2
1 Establishment of the Russian Academy of Sciences Physical institute of P.N. Lebedev of the Russian Academy of Sciences,
Lenin avenue 53, Moscow, 119991 Russia,
2Moscow Engineering-Physical Institute, Kashirsky highway, 1, Moscow, Russia
zavest@sci.lebedev.ru

Keywords: Research work of students, specialized physical practical works, scientific and pedagogical potential.

The operational experience of the Higher School of Physicists of N.G. Basov of MEPhI-FIAN is parsed. The special attention is given practice of usage of scientific baseline FIAN for conducting of research work of students and subsequently predegree and degree practice of students with accent on the individual schedule for each student. Results of architecture of conducting of specialized practical works for students of the Higher School of physicists with usage of pedagogical potential of base chairs of faculty and scientific and pedagogical potential of employees of Physical institute of P.N. Lebedev of the Russian Academy of Sciences are presented also.