Physics in Higher Education
V. 16, N 1, 2010
The contents

3 Neutrino Oscillations
N.G. Goncharova, E.J. Kabin
13 Some Aspect of Teaching Astrophysics at the St.-Petersburg State Marine Technical University
R.H. Bekyashev
17 The Formation of Basic Concepts at Studying of the Theme "Dynamics of Rotational Movement" in a Course of General Physics for Technical University
V.A. Eliseev, N.S. Pashkevich
22 The Didactical Aspects of the Open Training Environment of the Continuous Physical Education
A.F. An
33 Relation between the Lorentz and Ampere Forces (The Lorentz Force - the Hall Effect - the Ampere Force)
N.P. Kalashnikov, S.E. Muraviev
36 Experimental Research of Function Distribution for Thermoelectrons by Energies and Velocities
S.V. Fomin, D.N. Lukichev, A.S. Krasnikov
46 The Study of Intensity Changing Law of Magnetic Field Current Coil with Nonlinear Induction Transmitter
B.W. Karelin, N.R. Kustova
50 The Experimental Studying of Normal Dispersion of Light in a Course of General Physics in the Optics Laboratory
D.N. Lukichev, S.V. Fomin, A.S. Krasnikov
58 Experimental Verification of Calculations of Electrostatic Field Potential Produced by Electrodes Differing in Geometry (Lecture Demonstration)
R.H. Bekyashev, L.A. Ignatieva
69 About One Variant Using IT-technology for Teaching Physics in the Technical University
O.N. Tretyakova
81 The Employment Problem of Future Teachers of Physics
V.I. Danilchuk, V.Ye. Korobov
88 Fermat’s Principle and Laws of Ray Optics in Advanced Course of Physics at Secondary School
S.V. Fomin, D.N. Lukichev, A.S. Krasnikov
94 Teaching of Pedagogical University Students to Foundations of Electronics
V.B. Venslavsky
105 Questionnaire to the Phrases, Laws and Phenomena as a Method of Activization of the Students Cognitive Activity
T.M. Elkanova
109 Specialized Course of Studies "ňxperimental Physics" in Academic Gymnasium of St-Petersburg State University and Development of Research Activity of High-school Students
S.S. Pivovarov, V.B. Boghevol’nov
114 System Approach to the Development of the Integrated Academic Course of Physics for Medical High School
N.E. Deryabina, A.G. Deryabina, G.Ya. Kamashev
121 Abstracts
127 Information

 

Neutrino Oscillations
N.G. Goncharova, E.J. Kabin
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Nuclear Physics Dept., 119992
E-mail: n.g.goncharova@gmail.com ; ekabin@gmail.com
The last decade was a time of outstanding discovery in the particle physics: hypothesis of neutrino oscillations was confirmed experimentally. The problems connected with neutrino oscillations detection become the topic of courses on "Particle Physics" at Nuclear Physics Department of Moscow State University. This paper gives a short outline of contemporary state in the physics of neutrino oscillations.
Key words: neutrino masses, neutrino oscillations.

Some Aspect of Teaching Astrophysics at the St.-Petersburg State Marine Technical University
R.H. Bekyashev
St.-Petersburg State Marine Technical University
190008, St.-Petersburg, Lotsmanskaya, 3
E-mail: a.s.s.88@mail.ru
The paper deals with some problems of teaching the course of astrophysics at St.-Petersburg State Marine Technical University. It justifies this course importance to the students whose special field is physics. Considered in the paper are measures contributing to high teaching results. The work highlights the role of the Pulkovo Observatory, RAS, in astrophysics popularization.
Key words: astrophysics teaching, physics and astronomy relationship, observation of objects moving towards the Earth, automated facilities.

The Formation of Basic Concepts at Studying of the Theme "Dynamics of Rotational Movement" in a Course of General Physics for Technical University
V.A. Eliseev, N.S. Pashkevich
Voronezh State Technical University
E-mail: eva@phis.vorstu.ru  , pns-vrn@mail.ru
At transition to system with two levels of preparation of experts it is important to keep fundamental a component of knowledge and to generate full representation about system of concepts of the physicist. From these positions in work the explanation for bachelors of fundamental laws of theme of dynamics of rotational movement and their real uses in other parts of physics is presented.
Key words: the computer program for training; the fundamental education.

The Didactical Aspects of the Open Training Environment of the Continuous Physical Education
A.F. An
Murom Institute (branch) of Vladimir State University
E-mail: anaf1@yandex.ru
The model and didactical potential of the information-training environment in the system of the continuous physical education are considered. The creation of this resource will allow providing continuity of various stages of training in physics, to use creative potential of the students, to individualize educational and cognitional process.
Key words: continuous physical education; model; information-training environment; continuity of learning stages.

Relation between the Lorentz and Ampere Forces
(The Lorentz Force - the Hall Effect - the Ampere Force)
N.P. Kalashnikov, S.E. Muraviev
National Research Nuclear University “Moscow Engineering Physics Institute”
General Physics Department, Theoretical Physics Department
Kashirskoe shosse 31, 115409 Moscow. Russia
E-mail: kalash@mephi.ru, mura@theor.mephi.ru
The connection mechanism of a Lorentz force from carriers of current to the conductor as a whole is considered. The relation of the microscopic Lorentz force with the macroscopic Ampere force is proposed.
Keywords: The Lorentz force; the Hall Effect; the Ampere force.

Experimental Research of Function Distribution for Thermoelectrons by Energies and Velocities
S.V. Fomin, D.N. Lukichev, A.S. Krasnikov
Ryazan State University S. A. Esenin
E-mail: s.fomin@rsu.edu.ru
The paper considers theoretical foundations of Fermi-Dirac‘s statistic with its final transition to the Maxwell‘s one. A method of experimental research of function distribution of thermo electrons is developed. This method is realized through measuring and graphical differentiation of current-voltage characteristic of vacuum triode
Key words: Fermi-Dirac‘s statistic; Maxwell’s statistic, distribution function; model; triode graphical differentiation.

The Study of Intensity Changing Law of Magnetic Field Current Coil with Nonlinear Induction Transmitter
B.W. Karelin, N.R. Kustova
Voronezh Branch of Russian State Open Technical University of Railway Transport
394026, Voronezh, Urizkiy Street, 75a
E-mail: nkustova@rambler.ru
The method for studying the magnetic field coil with a current by comparing the experimentally obtained dependence of tension along the axis of the coil with the corresponding theoretical dependence with the use of an inductive sensor with ferrite core.  Describe the corresponding laboratory setup, the results of the experiment.
Key words: magnetic field; magnetic field intensity; electromagnetic induction; law of Biot-Savart-Laplace; inductive sensor.

The Experimental Studying of Normal Dispersion of Light in a Course of General Physics in the Optics Laboratory
D.N. Lukichev, S.V. Fomin, A.S. Krasnikov
Ryazan State University S. A. Esenin
E-mail: dmitluk@mail.ru
The mechanism of the normal dispersion on the basis of the classical electronic theory of light is considered in the given operation. The experimental technique by of refractive of a glass prism is presented. Estimate calculations of the exponent of refractive of glass from the point of view of the electronic theory are yielded.
Key words: prism, refraction.

Experimental Verification of Calculations of Electrostatic Field Potential Produced by Electrodes Differing in Geometry (Lecture Demonstration)
R.H. Bekyashev, L.A. Ignatieva
St.-Petersburg State Marine Technical University,
St.-Petersburg, 190008, Lotsmanskaya, 3
E-mail: a.s.s.88@mail.ru
The paper presents a procedure of calculating electrostatic potential and intensity produced by a hemispherical electrode and a thin wire ring. Calculations are verified using a device measuring electrostatic field potentials whose sensor is a corona point. Outlined in the paper are an experimental facility and a lecture demonstration based on it.
Key words: lecture demonstration, electrostatic field calculations, potential measurements with a corona – forming electrode, experimental verification of calculations.

About One Variant Using IT-technology for Teaching Physics in the Technical University
O.N. Tretyakova
Moscow Aviation Institute (State Technical University)
E-mail: tretiyakova_olga@mail.ru 
Article is dedicated to the development of one version of creation the client–server models for the use the Internet in the remote education in physics of the students of technical universities  and in the problem of the application of IT- technologies to the solution of the problems of the computer 3d- simulation of laboratory course in practical physics.
Key words: IT- technology, the Internet, remote education in physics, computer 3d- simulation, program set, client-server model, laboratory course in practical physics.

The Employment Problem of Future Teachers of Physics
V.I. Danilchuk, V.Ye. Korobov
Volgograd State Pedagogical University
E-mail: vek@vspu.ru
On the basis of questioning of the undergraduates of Physics faculty it is shown in the article that the main problem at employment of graduates is low social security of the teacher. The variants of the problem solution are advised.
Key words: employment of Physics faculty graduates, social security of the teacher, questioning of students, national project.

Fermat’s Principle and Laws of Ray Optics in Advanced Course of Physics at Secondary School
S.V. Fomin, D.N. Lukichev, A.S. Krasnikov
Ryazan State University S. A. Esenin
E-mail: dmitluk@mail.ru
Limiting translation from ware optics to geometrical is considered in theatrical and the principle the Farm is formulated in the article. On its basis conclusion of laws of relation and refraction are shown. This article is devoted to the study of Fermat’s principle. This principle describes that the light travels the path which takes the least time. Two laws of ray optics - Specular reflection and – Snell’s law are derived from Fermat’s principle.
Key words: Fermat’s principle, refractive index, refraction of light, light reflection, optical wavelength.

Teaching of Pedagogical University Students to Foundations of Electronics
V.B. Venslavsky
N.G. Chernishevsky Transbaikal State Humanitarian-pedagogical University,
672045, g. Chita, ul. Babushkina, 129,
E-mail: venslav@mail.ru
The author connects understanding of Foundations of Electronics with the necessity to use the graphic representation of simulators made on the basis of Kirchhoff’s systemic laws.
Key words: electronics, mathematical modeling, pedagogical projection, linear system, electronic device.

Questionnaire to the Phrases, Laws and Phenomena as a Method of Activization of the Students Cognitive Activity
T.M. Elkanova
State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education “North-Ossetia State University after K.L. Khetagurov”, 362000, Vladikavkaz, Markus street, 24
E-mail: tamel@inbox.ru
We have suggested and illustrated with examples the method which gives an opportunity to intensify the creative nature of teaching physics.
Key words: cognitive activity; physics; method of teaching.

Specialized Course of Studies "Experimental physics" in Academic Gymnasium of St.-Petersburg State University and Development of Research Activity of High-school Students
S.S. Pivovarov, V.B. Boghevol’nov
Academic Gymnasium of St.-Petersburg State University
E-mail: sergeip@SP5253.spb.edu
The paper dials with the problems of organization physical laboratory practical works and research activity for high-school students in the system of the physical education of Academic Gymnasium of St. Petersburg state university on the basis of special course of studies "Experimental physics". The mission and structure of the course and organization scientific - research activities of high-school students with the help of this course considered in this work. It was shown that it is possible to use the educational and laboratorial basis of the course for the work with high – school students of different regions for developing their educational and research activities.
Key words: educational and research activities; physical laboratory practical works; high – school students.

System Approach to the Development of the Integrated Academic Course of Physics for Medical High School
N.E. Deryabina, A.G. Deryabina, G.Ya. Kamashev
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University,
Izhevsk State Medical Academy
E-mail: alpha.pg@mtu-net.ru

The program of the integrated academic course of physics for medical high school developed on the basis of the system approach is discussed here. The program allows uniting logically knowledge and skills in the area of physics, biophysics, engineering sciences, mathematics and computer sciences that are necessary for mastering of physics in medical high school as well as for training other disciplines.
Key words: system approach, integrated academic course, higher education.