Physics in Higher Education
V. 16, N 4, 2010
3 To the President of Russia D.A. Medvedev
5 Is Necessary in Russia Physics for Engineer?
A.D. Gladun, G.G. Spirin
11 Quantum Mechanics and Optics: I. Mathematical Background of Optical Analogies to Certain Quantum Phenomena
S.V. Gaponenko, S.V. Zhukovsky, V.N. Khilmanovich
26 Virtual Projects Method in the Basics of Quantum Mechanics at the Technical University Study
35 The Normalization of the Macroscopic Electric Charge
45 The Study of the Properties of Magnetics by Monte_Carlo Method
S.A. Besnosikov, A.M. Tolstik
53 Methods of Determining Electrical Network Parameters Used in "Electricity" Laboratory Workshop in National Research Nuclear University "MEPHI"
E.N. Aksenova, N.N. Vzorov, A.N. Dolgov, E.E. Zemskov, V.N. Ignatov, N.P. Kalashnicov,
K.A. Lipatov, Yu.D. Lysak, A.Yu. Matronchik, B.N. Mesherin, S.V. Oblizina,
M.V. Pentegova, V.D. Popov, E.P.Potanin, V.I.Rostokin, V.V. Samedov, T.A. Semenova,
V.B. Sokolov, V.F. Fedorov, A.V. Shutov
58 3_D Computer Physical Practical Work Development for the Education Technical University Students by Using Internet_Technology
75 Issues of Practical Physics Modernization in Accordance with the Requirements of the Competency Building Approach
O.V. Plotnykova, V.K. Suhanova
82 Studying Earth’s Magnetic Field in the New Laboratory Workshop of Department of Physics MISIS.
Part 1. Theory and experimental equipment
93 Intellectual Competence Organization of Future Military Air Engineers in the Process of Physics Education
103 The Vital Problems of the Teaching of Natural_Science Disciplines under the Conditions for the Open Education
N.V. Kalachev, A.N. Lanskikh
Quantum Mechanics and Optics: I. Mathematical Background of Optical Analogies to Certain Quantum Phenomena
S.V. Gaponenko1, S.V. Zhukovsky1, V.N. Khilmanovich2
1 B.I. Stepanov Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
220072, Nezavisimosti Ave 68, E-mail:
2 Grodno State Medical University, Grodno, Belarus, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Optical analogies are considered for a number of problems of quantum mechanics arising from similarity of Schroedinger and Helmholtz equations. Formulas of quantum mechanics and wave optics are reduced to the same forms for propagation, reflection, transmission and tunneling of quantum particles and electromagnetic waves.
Key words: optical analogies, wave optics, quantum mechanics, isomorphism of Schrödinger and Helmholtz equations, tunneling.
Virtual Projects Method in the Basics of Quantum Mechanics at the Technical University Study
Novosibirsk State Technical University, Department of General Physics, Russia, 630092 Novosibirsk, K. Marx Prospekt 20, NSTU
Using of the virtual projects method as an additional way of organizing educational activities in the basics of quantum mechanics at the Technical University study is discussed. The project "Electron interference at double slits" as an example of implementation by the second-year students is presented.
Key words: virtual project; basics of quantum mechanics; electron interference; double slit experiment.
The Normalization of the Macroscopic Electric Charge
Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Russia, 630126, Novosibirsk, Vilyuy 28
The problem concerning the form of the electrostatic field potential of the two contacting metallic spheres for the case of different radiuses is solved. The electrostatic capacity of the system, the distribution of the surface charge densities in the quadrature form, the full charges contained on the spheres and the interaction pushing force of the spheres are found. For the interaction pushing force known the laboratory experiment, which aim was to find the charges and potentials normalized by defined parameters given, is considered. Also, the laboratory experiment to observe the electrostriction phenomenon taking into account the shift deformation is suggested.
Key words: potential, contacting metallic spheres; charge density distribution; interaction force.
The Study of the Properties of Magnetics by Monte-Carlo Method
S.A. Besnosikov, A.M. Tolstik
Tomsk State University
In this paper we discuss the application of Monte-Carlo method for working of same computer experiments for study of the properties of magnetics: the phase transformation ferromagnetic - paramagnetic, the processes of magnetization of several magnetics in magnetic field, the hysteresis phenomena in ferromagnetic.
Key words: computer experiment, magnetic, ferromagnetic, Ising’s model, Monte-Carlo method, method of Metropolis, hysteresis, magnetic domain.
Methods of Determining Electrical Network Parameters Used in "Electricity" Laboratory Workshop in National Research Nuclear University "MEPHI"
E.N. Aksenova, N.N. Vzorov, A.N. Dolgov, E.E. Zemskov, V.N. Ignatov, N.P. Kalashnicov, K.A. Lipatov, Yu.D. Lysak, A.Yu. Matronchik, B.N. Mesherin, S.V. Oblizina, M.V. Pentegova, V.D. Popov, E.P.Potanin, V.I. Rostokin, V.V. Samedov, T.A. Semenova, V.B. Sokolov, V.F. Fedorov, A.V. Shutov
National Research Nuclear University "MEPHI" 115409 Moscow Kashirskoye road 31
email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
firstname.lastname@example.org VBSokolov@MEPHI.RU, email@example.com@mail.ru
A summary of new laboratory works established with the use of PHYWE and VALDIS equipment. Much attention is paid to electrical network parameters measurement works. Routine methods of resonance and bridge circuit are emphasized. Other methods like determining electrical network parameters by transient process analysis are also considered.
Key words: electricity laboratory, equipment, electrical network parameters measurement works, inductance, capacity, resistor, resonance method, Comparison Bridge, bridge method.
3-D Computer Physical Practical Work Development for the Education Technical University Students by Using Internet-Technology
Aviation Institute (State Technical University), Department Physics,
The description of 3D-modeling a computer practical work is stated in article. This computer practical work could be used for distance education tasks of the technical university students by means of computer Internet-technology.
Key words: computer physics practical work, Internet-technology, computer 3D-modeling, distance education in physics, the software, and computer information base.
Issues of Practical Physics Modernization in Accordance with the Requirements of the Competency Building Approach
O.V. Plotnykova, V.K. Suhanova
Pacific State University of Economics, 19, Okeanskiy prospect, Vladivostok, 690091, Russia, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The purpose of this article is to define the ways of forming key competences on the basis of the physics training material. The article considers the opportunities of physics practical work to solve this task and the trends of its modernization.
Key words: key competences, physics practical work.
Studying Earth’s Magnetic Field in the New Laboratory Workshop of Department of Physics MISIS Part 1. Theory and Experimental Equipment
National University of Science and Technology “MISIS” (MISIS)
MISIS, 4, Leninsky Avenue, Moscow, 119 049, Russia
The exposition is as close to the text of students’ descriptions of the theory and experimental equipment at the new laboratory workshop, created at the Department of Physics MISIS on the basis of equipment provided with by manufacturer PHYWE (Germany).
Key words: Earth’s magnetic field; terrestrial magnetism; declination of the Earth’s magnetic field; inclination of the Earth’s magnetic field; horizontal component of the Earth’s magnetic field; vertical component of the Earth’s magnetic field; magnetometer; Helmholtz coils; Hall probe.
Intellectual Competence Organization of Future Military Air Engineers in the Process of Physics Education
State-run Educational Institution of Highest Vocational Education “Stavropol State University”,
Russia, Stavropol, Pushkina St. 1, p/o 355009, E-mail: vdowichenko-O@yandex.ru
The necessity of intellectual competence organization of future military air engineers is shown in the article. Definition of intellectual competence is proved. Methodology, purposes, forms, items of intellectual competence development of future military air engineers are given. Results of certifying experiment were analyzed, train experiment was described. Deductions were made.
Key words: intellectual competence; future military air engineer; professionally important qualities; technical thinking; logical thinking; professional mobility; professionally aimed physical-technical tasks.
The Vital Problems of the Teaching of Natural-Science Disciplines under the Conditions for the Open Education
N.V. Kalachev, A.N. Lanskikh
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, 125993 Moscow, Leningradskiy prospectus, 49
E-mail: email@example.com , firstname.lastname@example.org
The methods of the teaching of natural-science disciplines (mathematics) are described in the department of the open education of Financial University, the description of educational portal is given, and authors’ work experience with the students of external and remote departments is generalized.
Key words: educational portal, the teaching of natural-science disciplines, external and remote departments.