Physics in Higher Education
V. 17, N 4, 2011

The contents
3 Solution of XIth of International Conference “Physics in the System of Modern Education” (PSME-11)
9 40 Years to the Higher School of the Physicists named by N.G. Basov of MEPHI: Sums and the Ways of Development
I.N. Zavestovskaya, O.N. Krokhin, M.N. Strikhanov
13 To the Problem of the Interdisciplinary Mathematical Natural-Science Education
O.N. Golubjeva, A.D. Sukhanov
17 Problem-oriented Courses in Practical Physics at the Technical University. Experience of Application
N.V. Kalachev
24 The Concept and Model of the Methodical System of Student Modeling Method
M.Yu. Korolev
33 Statistical Nature and Stochasticity (To a Question about the Methodical Value  of the Concept of Ensemble in the Course of Physics)
O.N. Golubjeva, A.D. Sukhanov
45 The Lifetime and the Energy Spectrum width of a Moving Unstable Particles
A.S. Tarnovskiy, O.A. Yankevich
51 Becoming of Adequate Statistical Representations in Quantum Mechanics (To 70th Anniversary of Publication of the Book "Quantum Possesses" by Professor K.V. Nikol’sky)
O.N. Golubjeva, A.D. Sukhanov
62 Unique Experience of Setting up Physical Education in Extremely Short Time (To the 50th Anniversary of Fizmat)
A.N. Gordeev, A.N. Osovitskiy, V.I. Sanyuk
72 Views of Louis de Broglie on the Teaching the Physicists
A.F. Smyk
77 The Principle of Identity and its Consequences in Experiments on Observation of the Spectrum of Helium
V.A. Belavin, V.A. Kvlividze
86 A Possibility of Moodle Program in the Realizing of Modular Training Principle
A.I. Nazarov
92 Physical Analogy between Electromagnetism and Hydrodynamics in the Education
R.A. Brazhe, A.A. Zhdankina
100 The Probe Technique of the Electrostatic Field Picture Constructing
R.H. Bekyashev, Yu.N. Stankevich
112 Comparative Analysis of Results of Incoming Test of Residual Knowledge of Physics for 1-st year Students of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI and Unified State Exam Results
V.N. Ignatov, N.P. Kalashnikov, V.D. Popov, D.A. Samarchenko
120 Application of Case-Method for the Laboratory Work in Physics
V.N. Lavrov
126 The Effectiveness of the Thermal Machine in the Regimes of Thermal Engine, Heat Pump and Refrigerator
Yu.G. Rudoy
134 Abstracts

 

Solution of XIth of International Conference "Physics in the System of Modern Education" (PSME_11)
Irina N. Zavestovskaya, Oleg N. Krokhin, Mikhail N. Strikhanov
National Research Nuclear University MEPHI, 115409, Moscow, Kashirskoe Shosse
31, e-mail: INZavestovskaya@mephi.ru

The authors describe the history of creation and sum up a forty-year work of the Higher School of Physicists (HSPh) named by N.G. Basov of NRNU MEPHI. The prospects of the development of the higher school of physicists are discussed for the foreseeable future.
Keywords: The Higher School of Physicists, MEPHI, baccalaureate, magistracy.

To the Problem of the Interdisciplinary Mathematical Natural-Science Education
Olga N. Golubjeva1, Alexander D. Sukhanov2
1 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, 6, Miklukho-Maklai str., Moscow, 117198,
Russia, e-mail: ogol@mail.ru
2 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (laboratory of theoretical physics), Dubna,
Russia; Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, 6, Miklukho-Maklai str., Moscow,
117198, Russia, e-mail: ogol@oldi.ru

We formulate suggestions reflecting the modern trends in higher and postgraduate education in Russia and abroad. It is offered a set of cultural and professional skills which can be reached in the process of fundamental natural-science education.
Keywords: interdisciplinary, fundamentality, scope.

Problem-oriented Courses in Practical Physics at the Technical University. Experience of Application
Nikolai V. Kalachev
Moscow State Technical University named by N.E. Baumann, Financial University under the Government of RF,
P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences; 119991 Moscow, Leninsky pr. 53; e-mail: kalachev@sci.lebedev.ru

In this article is given the experience of the creation and introduction of the problem oriented laboratory works in physics at the Department of Physics of Moscow State Technical University, named by N.E. Baumann, in Moscow State University of Communication Means (MIIT) and in other universities both for full-time study and under the conditions of open education. The Video tutoring system for admission to the laboratory works and a number of remote laboratory works is described.
Keywords: remote laboratory works, practical problem-oriented courses, the video educative tutoring system admission, laboratory works.

Concept and Model of the Methodical System of Teaching Students the Method of Numerical Simulation
Maxim Yu. Korolev
Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPSU), Department of physics for natural faculties;
107497, Moscow, Shelkovskoe sh., 87-1-101; e-mail: maxkor67@mail.ru

This article introduces the concept and model of the methodical system of teaching students the method of numerical simulation. Feature of methodical system is to train students the method of numerical simulation for bachelors and masters degree. In the article there are examples of disciplines included in the curriculum.
Keywords: natural-science education, numerical simulation, methodical system, training of students, bachelors and masters.

Statistical Nature and Stochasticity (To a Question about the Methodical Value of the Concept of Ensemble in the Course of Physics)
Olga N. Golubjeva1, Alexander D. Sukhanov2
1 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, 6, Miklukho-Maklai str., Moscow,
117198, Russia, e-mail: ogol@mail.ru
2 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (laboratory of theoretical physics), Dubna,
Russia; Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, 6, Miklukho-Maklai str., Moscow,
117198, Russia, e-mail: ogol@oldi.ru

We have considered the sense of the terms "statistical" and "stochastic" and also their significance in the Physics teaching. On this ground we have introduced some criteria for distinction of classical and non-classical theories and have investigated the methodological importance of the approach based on the term "statistical ensemble" in the Physics course.
Keywords: statistical, stochastic, ensemble approach, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, fluctuation, correlators.

The Lifetime and the Energy Spectrum width of a Moving Unstable Particles
Alexander Tarnovskiy, Olga Yankevich
Samara State Academy of Social Sciences and Humanities,
e-mail: sameta@r┴mbler.ru , olga_ssttu@mail.ru

We have considered the invariance of the Heisenberg uncertainty relations with respect to the Lorentz transformation for a moving unstable particles in courses general and theoretical physics in teachers colleges and universities.
Keywords: Lorentz-invariance, uncertainty relations, lifetime ratio.

Origin of Adequate Statistical Concepts in Quantum Mechanics (To 70_th Anniversary of Publication of the Book "Quantum Processes" by Professor K.V. Nikol’sky)
Olga N. Golubjeva1, Alexander D. Sukhanov2
1 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, 6, Miklukho-Maklai str., Moscow, 117198,
Russia, e-mail: ogol@mail.ru
2 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (laboratory of theoretical physics), Dubna,
Russia; Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, 6, Miklukho-Maklai str., Moscow,
117198, Russia, e-mail: ogol@oldi.ru

Origin of adequate statistical concepts in Quantum Mechanics in the form of description on the basis of the Gibbs ensemble is discussed. A fundamental contribution of wrongly forgotten professor K.V. Nikol’sky, who was a worthy member of Moscow school of Quantum Mechanics and a certain opponent of Copenhagen school, is analyzed.
Keywords: K.V. Nikol’sky, statistical association, quantum mechanics, Copenhagen interpretation, quantum ensemble, Moscow school of Quantum Mechanics.

Unique Experience of Setting up Education in Physics in Extremely Short Time (To the 50th Anniversary of Fizmat Faculty of PFUR)
Alexandr N. Gordeev, Anatoliy N. Osovitskiy, Valerii I. Sanyuk
Faculty of Science, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia,
6, Miklukho-Maklai str., Moscow, 117198, Russia; e-mail: aosov41@mail.ru, vsanyuk@mail.ru

Fifty years ago an unusual problem to set up education in Physics for young people from developing countries had been posed. It happened that this problem had to be solved in a very short period of time and under lots of uneasy initial conditions. What methods were found to be most efficient and who in particular proved his ability to solve that one problem –these are the main topics of the article. We hope that the experience in setting up education in
Physics at the Russian Peoples’ Friendship University may be useful in future.
Keywords: training of highly qualified specialists for developing countries, physical education, organization of educational process, staffing issues, language training, the establishment of scientific departments.

Views of Louis de Broglie on the Teaching the Physicists
Alexandra F. Smyk
Moscow State University of Press, 127550 Moscow, ul. Pryanishnikova 2a,
Department of Physics; e-mail: afsmyk@mail.ru

The article considers the teaching activities of Louis de Broglie – Nobel laureate, one of the founders of the wave mechanics. His personal qualities as a teacher and his views on the methodology of teaching physics in technical universities are analyzed.
Keywords: teaching of physics in technical universities, Louis de Broglie, personality of the scientist and teacher, classical and modern physics in the programs of study physics.

The Principle of Identity and its Consequences in Experiments on the Observation of the Spectrum of the Helium
Vladimir A. Belavin, Valery A. Kvlividze
Scientific Research Institute of Nuclear Physics of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State
University; e-mail: vz@1gb.ru  kliv@srd.sinp.msu.ru

It is shown that with relatively simple and inexpensive equipment can be observed the spectral exchange splitting in the spectrum of helium as a consequence of the principle of identity of elementary particles.
Keywords: atomic physics; exchange interaction; principle of identity; atom of helium; energy levels.

Facility of Moodle Program in the Realization of Modular Training Principle
Aleksey I. Nazarov
Petrozavodsk State University; Lenin St. 33, 185910, Petrozavodsk, Russia;
e-mail: anazarov@petrsu.ru

Facility of Moodle program in the realization of modular training principle is discussed. As an example, the modular structure of discipline of "mechanic" and ways of the organization the unassisted students work in the Internet are described.
Keywords: modular training, e-learning, unassisted work in the Internet, training modular "mechanics".

Physical Analogy between Electromagnetism and Hydrodynamics in the Learning Process
Rudolf A. Brazhe, Anastasia A. Zhdankina
Ulyanovsk State Technical University, Department of Physics, 32 Severny Venetz
st., USTU, Ulyanovsk 432027, Russia; e-mail: brazhe@ulstu.ru

The analogy between the equations of electrostatics and hydrostatics and between the equations of magnetostatics and hydrodynamics of the nonmagnetic ideal incompressible liquid is revealed. The results of the work allow to students better understand the unity of the laws of Nature. The teachers can save time in the study of certain sections of physics.
Keywords: electrostatics, magnetostatics, hydrostatics, hydrodynamics, analogy.

The Probe Technique of Constructing the Picture of the Electrostatic Field
Rizvan H. Bekyashev, Yuri N. Stankevich
Saint_Petersburg State Marine Technical University, Russia, 190008, Saint-Petersburg, Lotsmanskaya st. 3;
 e-mail: rizvan_bekyashev@mail.ru

The article describes the technique of constructing the picture of the electrostatic field created by a charged electrode, in particular by a semi sphere. Corona point placed in different field points is used as a probe. By using it points with the same potentials equal to the potential of the corona beginning, i.e. points of an equipotential line, are found. The moment of the corona beginning is clearly determined with an oscillograph. The families of equipotential lines which are at different distances from the charged electrode are obtained and the electrostatic field picture is constructed.
Keywords: corona-forming electrode, picture of electrostatic field, equipotential line, potential measurements with a corona-forming electrode.

Comparative Analysis of Results of Incoming Test of Residual Knowledge of Physics for 1-st year Students of National Research Nuclear University MEPhI and Unified State Exam Results
Vladimir N. Ignatov, Nikolay P. Kalashnikov, Valery D. Popov, Dmitry A. Samarchenko
National Research Nuclear University MEPHI, 115409, Moscow, Kashirskoe Shosse 31, e-mail: kalash@mephi.ru

The question of this paper is to consider the ratio between the high requirements which high school has developed to entrants with their results of Unified State Exam. Results of incoming test of the 1-st year students NRNU MEPhI and the short analysis of level of residual knowledge of students on various sections of a school rate of physics are given. The main purpose of incoming test was to adjust the high school general physics program in view of the first-year students knowledge on physics. For the students with the under school preparations was explored and adopted the technique, which main purpose were to lead their knowledge, abilities, skills and competences up to the necessary level for the further assimilation of general education program of the higher vocational training.
Keywords: physics, Unified state exam, incoming test, monitoring of educational process quality.

Application of Case Method for the Laboratory Work in Physics
Viktor N. Lavrov
Institute for Information Sciences and Security Technologies of the RGGU, Moscow, e-mail: lavrovvikt@yandex.ru

Systematic principles of the case method for the laboratory work in physics are proposed. Characteristic examples of the laboratory work are presented, and the advantages of the method are discussed.
Keywords: case-method, laboratory works in physics, physics education.

The Effectiveness of the Thermal Machine in the Regimes of Heat Engine, Heat Pump and Refrigerator
Yuri G. Rudoy
People’s Friendship Unifersity of Russia (PFUR), Dept. of Theoretical Physics, 117191, Ordzonikidze str., 3, Moscow, Russia; e-mail: rudikar@mail.ru

The systematic and full analysis of all main regimes and sub-regimes is given concerning the operation of thermal machine as a heat engine, heat pump and refrigerator. The definitions of four values of effectiveness are given in the detailed form and three relations between these values are stated. This allows choosing as an independent value the ratio of absolute temperatures of two thermostats – refrigerator and heater. The example is given how to use the heat pump as energy-saving device.
Keywords: laws of the thermodynamics, heat pump, refrigerator, effectiveness of operation, Carnot cycle.