Physics in Higher Education
The Decision of XII International Conference «Physics in System of Modern Education» (PSME-12)
The Decision of Participants in the International Workshop, Held in Moscow on 24-26 June, 2013
The National Physics Student Contest (Olympiad) in National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI» in 2013. The Organization and Conduct Experience
The analyses of the experience of conducting of the National Contest in Physics among students in NNRU «MEPhI» is presented. The results of the Contest are discussed.
In the article aspects of net-interaction experience realized in Herzen University are under discussion.
Urgent Aspects of the General Physics Course Realization in the Master of Science (Magister) Program in National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI»
The methods of the learning in general physics in the Master of Science (Magister) in National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI» are described. The general physics course in the Master of Science (Magister) Program is given, and the generalization of authors’ learning experience with the Masters of Science is proposed.
Methodical Training of Students in the Field of «Pedagogical Education», Master’s Program «Physical Education»: Implementation Experience
Experience of implementation of master’s program «Physical education» is represented. The system of methodical training of master students, the role of work practice in this process and the system of assessment of the achievements of professional competences in accordance with the requirements of federal state educational standard are considered.
General Physics Course Evolution from Khvolson till Nowadays
Evolution of general physics course during XX century is analyzed. It is shown that in the middle of the last age the transformation from inductive-historical to deductive-theoretical paradigm in physics teaching took place. As a result we have a lot of short handbooks and dictionaries instead of serious textbooks which are not necessary for test – examinations.
On Innovative Methods in Teaching of General Physics at a University
Innovative methods in teaching of general physics the first year university students with insufficient school training in physics and mathematics are proposed. The test results and the influence of those methods on the academic progress of two groups of the first and second year students are analyzed.
Adaptation of Students to Modular Technology Education
This article examines the didactic conditions adaptation of students to modular technology education. In addition, describes a method to identify students’ abilities to adapt to the educational environment.
Improvement of the Motivation Component of Students’ Physical Education at the Civil Engineering Department
The article describes the possibility to increase the quality of teaching Physics at the Civil Engineering Department applying methodological back-up of the course. The course is adapted to the profile of the given specialty and has been created in view of interdisciplinary links between Physics and other subjects and student selected professional activities.
The Capacitor Charging as Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamic Process
On the base of the first thermodynamics law the illustrative problem revealing the influence of charging rate on the energy stored by capacitor is considered. For the case of quasistatical processes in limit the coefficient of efficiency value is equal to 1, which has been forecasted. The maximum of dissipative losses curve is found in the extremely non-equilibrium process domain.
Educational Radio-electronics Laboratory: Analog Section
Updated structure of general radio-electronics practicum for students of physics faculty at M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University is presented. Difference of new methodical decisions from a traditional practical training consists in the individualization of development which is carried out on in advance prepared template, flexible structure of a new series of trainings, expansion of functionality of carried-out measurements. Introduction the SPICE modeling allows to acquaint students with a full spectrum of standard tests for radio-electronic production – load’s, frequency amplitude and phase, pulse characteristics. Additional students activity, processing of results and creation of reports takes place via NX service, providing to students the adjusted working environment for modeling, analysis of results and maintaining own database of the performed works.
Lessons of Nanoelectronics. 3. Electronic Conductivity and Conductivity Modes by «Bottom–Up» Approach
General questions of electronic conductivity, conductivity modes, n- and p-type conductors and graphene are discussed in the frame of the «bottom – up» approach of modern nanoelectronics.
Harking Back to Theme of the Superconducting Sphere in an External Magnetic Field
The aim of this article is to give the student's understanding of the available evidence that hollow superconducting sphere (superconducting shell) behaves as a point magnetic Dipole: 1) in a uniform external magnetic field, 2) in the point dipole, placed in its center. The way evidence is based on minimizing equation integral equation for London to vector-potential. It is an alternative to the traditional equation of London is closed with the decision of Maxwell's equations for the surface of the Superconductor. For a solid sphere (ball) integral equation can be solved completely.
Light Interference at Reflection from Thin Plates and Films
Possible ways to obtain and conditions for observation of monochromatic light waves interference at reflection from thin transparent plates and films are considered. It is shown that besides well known cases – stripes of an equal thickness and an equal inclination – there is one more possibility to obtain of interference of the reflected light beams – formation of so-called stripes of equal optical density (or «an equal refraction»). Properties of structures with periodic change of refraction index – photonic crystals are discussed. As a special case, Bragg’s condition for diffraction of X-rays is received.
Contactless Measurement of Electrical Resistance in Alternating Magnetic Field. Part 1
There is given the description of the laboratory setup for the measurement of the emf induced by inductive currents of the test specimen. The measurements are made by the compensation of a signal from an external alternating field. The test specimen is a short-circuit single-layer solenoid. The problem has an exact solution. The described experimental method is the basis of an improved method based on Maxwell’s equation (Part 2).
Contactless Measurement of Electrical Resistance in Alternating Magnetic Field. Part 2
Introduced in Part 1 method of contactless measurement of conduction is applied for massive conductors with cylindrical symmetry. On the basis of Maxwell’s equations in the quasi-static approximation the exact solutions in a wide frequency range were obtained. All calculations are presented in a form suitable for the analysis of the experimental measurements. Doing the work a student integrates physics, mathematics and information technology.