JOURNAL of the MOSCOW PHYSICAL SOCIETY Series "B"
"Physics in Higher Education" V. 1, N.2,1995.
modern physics training laboratory
A MODERN PHYSICS TRAINING LABORATORY
V.V. Svetozarov, Yu.V. Svetozarov
Scientific-Engineering Center "VLADIS", Moscow State Institute of Engineering Physics (Technical Universily)
Description of a physics training laboratory intended for intensive experimental study of general physics in a system of multi-level engineering education is presented. The base of the physics training laboratory consists of module of training complexes (a table-top microlaboratory) realizing at the working place some tens of experiments related to various divisions of the disciplines under study. This physics training laboratory is supplied to educational institutes of the states of former Soviet Union, and at the present time is exploited in more than 60 educational establishments of different kinds from schools to universities.
PHYSICAL PHENOMENA AS A BASE FOR A COURSE OF GENERAL PHYSICS IN HIGHER TECHNICAL SCHOOL
Kurgan Institute of Machinery
A new approach to teaching physics in higher technical institutions of education is presented, which we have used succentfully for many years. The main point in this approach is that the contents of the course are presented in the form of physical phenomena - the object of study becomes a specific physical phenomenon.
PHYSICS EDUCATION: PRAGMATISM OR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THINKING?
Moscow State Institute of Technology "STANKIN", Russia
O.N. Golubeva, A.D. Sukhanov
Russian Scientific Center of Physics Education (MSU, RUFP)
It is shown that drastic changes in the priorities and accents in the system of knowledge and education are inevitable on the eve of the third millennium A.D. under conditions of an avalanche increase of information and rapid changes in social-economic conditions. The basic features of the new educational paradigm are fundamentality, integrity, and personal directivity. The problem is a wise combination of fundamental, basic professional education and the specialized components of higher education training.
ON OVERCOMING THE GAP BETWEEN NATURAL AND HUMANITARIAN KNOWLEDGE
Museum of Nature, Moscow State University
V.V. Chernyshev N.E. Zhukovsky
Air Force Engineering Academy, Moscow, Russia
The construction of educational, natural, and humanitarian courses on principles of the theory of the unity at nature and person-homonaturalogy - is very promising. Such installations of homonaturology as the universalization of concepts laws and information as a whole, should be doubtless used in the solution of the problem of the systemic joining of natural and humanitarian knowledge.
THE INDIVIDUALIZATION OF PRACTICAL STUDIES OF PHYSICS ON THE BASIS OF COMPUTER TECHNIQUES
Far East State Technical University, Vladivostok, Russia
This paper deals with the problems of organization of individualized computer based training in practical classes of physics. It also considered algorithms of both checking the level of knowledges and skills and solution tasks for different typological groups of students.
SYNTHESIZED HOLOGRAPHIC ELEMENTS - KINOFORMS - IN A COURSE OF GENERAL PHYSICS
A.A. Gorodetsky, А.1. Fishman
Kazan State University, Tatarstan
The action principle of kinoforms elements and their applications - multilevel phase holograms - is briefly stated. As examples kinoforms of axysimetric and cylindrical lenses, and their two, three and four-levels approximations are considered. With the help of the vector diagrams, a clear interpretation of a principle of action of these elements is given.
ON THE WORK OF THE MAGNETIC FORCE ON CURRENT CARRYING MOVING CONDUCTORS
H.Kelly, A. Marquez
Instituto de Fisica del Plasma UBA - CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina
By using a simple example, we discuss the physical nature of the magnetic force on current-carrying moving conductors.
ON INDUCTANCE IN SYSTEMS WITH A TIME DEPENDENT CURRENT DISTRIBUTION
O. Grondona, H. Kelly, A. Marquez
Instituto de Fisica del Plasma UBA - CONICET Buenos Aires, Argentina
A general used definition for the self-inductance of a current-carrying medium that including situations in which a time-dependent current distribution arises is presented. It is also shown how in the usual definitions, a simple analytical diffusive problem is presented.
RESEARCH TRANSFER AS AN EDUCATIONAL PROCESS A MODEL AND SOME EXPERIENCE
Nanyang Technological University, National Institute of Education Singapore
A model for research transfer has been proposed whereby a regional centre is identified that has built up a self-contained environment for research incorporating all the technical and physics elements required for a sustained research effort. Such a centre could use its facilities and resources to transfer its research technology in the specific topic of its expertise to another group having interest and commitment in the subject area offered. The proposed method involves an intensive hands-on, individually tailored training program and follow-up equipment and assistance. The training programs incorporated the transfer of 32 packages of follow-up equipment, including full plasma focus facilities, and resulted in the initiation/strengthening of experimental plasma focus research in 16 institutions in 11 developing countries.