Physics in Higher Education
V. 20, N 2, 2014
The contents
3 Physicists about Philosophy
V.I. Popkov
14 The Historical Aspect of Teaching Physics in Higher School: the Concept of Density of States in Optics, Quantum Physics and Solid-State Physics
S.V. Gaponenko, V.N. Khilmanovich
25 On Normalization Procedure in General Physics Course
V.I. Nikolaev, T.A. Bushina
31 On the System of Science Education Students Physical Specialties
E.U. Semenova
37 Physical Fundamentals of Electrography
V.V. Galanin
46 Lissajous Đurves and Symmetry
B.S. Rybin, A.E. Sergeeva
57 The Remarks on Momentum and Angular Momentum of Static Fields
V.I. Tsoy
65 Forming of Independent Work Skills as Basis of Scientific and Research Work of Students in Technical Higher Educational Institution
E.N. Baulo
71 Organization and Control of the Formation of Competencies of Students in the Study of Physics
L.V. Kucherenko
78 Pedagogical Conditions of the Professional Competences Formation in Studies of Physics at Technical University
O.F. Lapanik, I.M. Slabzhennikova, L.M. Jakovenko
88 Lessons of Nanoelectronics. 6. Basics of Spintronics by «Bottom – Up» Approach
Yu.A. Kruglyak
109 Talbot Effect I. Diffraction on One-Dimensional Gratings
E.V. Smirnov, B.G. Skuybin, L.K. Martinson
122 Non-Contact Measurement of Active and Inductive Reactance of the Solenoid from the Phase Shift between the External Magnetic Field and the Induced Currents Field
A.G. Chernykh
131 Glossary in Physics: Imperative of the Time
A.V. Samokhin, M.N. Ryzhkova
140 Research Experiment on Wave Optics in Level Training of Physics Teacher
O.A. Rogozhnikova, K.G. Nikiforov
149 Individualization of Students’ Educational Route in Physics Training of Bachelors in the Areas of «Physics» and «Pedagogical Education»
D.A. Isaev, G.M. Chulkova
154 The Integration of the Content of Education on the Subject Basis of the Perspective of Modern High Technologies by the Preparation of Pedagogical Shots on Physics
Yu.S. Ostroumova
164 The Technology of the Physical Experiment: Optical Properties of Solids
╠.└. Goryaev, └.P. Smirnov
169 On the Factors Increasing the Motivational Component in Teaching Physics in Higher Educational Establishments of EMERCOM of Russia
└.N. ╩rylov, V.I. Sluev
177 Abstracts

 

Abstracts

Physicists about Philosophy
V.I. Popkov
Bryansk State Technical University; e-mail: popkov@tu-bryansk.ru

Views of outstanding physicists at philosophy and influence of philosophy on development of a physical science are considered.
Keywords: physics; philosophy; philosophical problems of physics; the quantum mechanics; the relativity theory; materialism; positivism.

The Historical Aspect of Teaching Physics in Higher School: the Concept of Density of States in Optics, Quantum Physics and Solid-State Physics
S.V. Gaponenko1, V.N. Khilmanovich2
1 B. I. Stepanov Institute of Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus (head of the Laboratory of Nano-optics, professor, doctor of physics and mathematics, member of the National Academy of Sciences), Minsk, Belarus (220072, Nezavisimosti Ave 68); e-mail: nanoscience@tut.by
2 Grodno State Medical University (Department of medical and biological physics, senior lecturer, candidate of pedagogical sciences), Grodno, Belarus; e-mail: valentina-gr@yandex.ru

In the article is examined the historical aspect of the origin and development of the concept of density of states. The importance is shown of the concept of density of states in quantum physics, solid-state physics and optics, its versatile and multidisciplinary character, its place in the modern physics. The article highlights some problematic aspects, that are important for the understanding by students the interaction of field and matter.
Keywords: optics, quantum physics, solid-state physics, density of states, history of development, integral and local densities of states.

On Normalization Procedure in General Physics Course
V.I. Nikolaev, T.A. Bushina
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, physics department; e-mail: bushina@rambler.ru
Examples of application of the normalization procedure from the different sections of the general physics course are discussed. It is shown that in all cases the normalization is disambiguation of quantitative expression of physical value.
Keywords: normalization, general physics course, potential energy, gravitational potential, probability, entropy, temperature, electrostatic potential, vector potential, hardness
scale, musical scale.

On the System of Science Education Students Physical Specialties

    1. Semenova

Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia; e-mail: phys@herzen.spb.ru

Discusses the role and content of a broad scientific education in the University training specialists in the field of physics and its teaching.
Keywords: natural scientific training, fundamental preparation in physics, professional training.

Biophysical Electrography Models

    1. Galanin

Samara Medical Institute «REAVIZ»
443001, Samara, Chapaevskaya st., 227; e-mail: galanin_v@hotmail.com

In this work problems of the electrical activity simulation of biological objects, teaching in a course of physics in medical university, are discussed.
Keywords: electrical activity of organs and tissues; current dipole; electrocardiography.

Lissajous Đurves and Symmetry
B.S. Rybin, A.E. Sergeeva
Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies, Kanatnaya str, 112, 65039, Odessa, Ukraine;
e-mail: borisrybin@ukr.net ,aeserg@ukr.net

Lissajous figures was demonstrated to be symmetric curves. Types of symmetry inherent in these curves are considered. The concept of orientation for Lissajous figures is introduced. The effect of initial phase on the shape and orientation of Lissajous figures is investigated. The main results are illustrated with the help of plots.
Keywords: Lissajous figures, central symmetry, mirror symmetry, mutual symmetry, oriented curve.

The Remarks on Momentum and Angular Momentum of Static Fields
V.I. Tsoy
Saratov State University, Astrakhanskaya str. 83, 410012, Saratov, Russia; e-mail: TsoyVI@info.sgu.ru

The examples of transfer of a momentum of a static electromagnetic field to sources are considered. The distinction in pulses transmitted to electrical charges at switching off a magnetic field of the flat solenoid and the round solenoid is analyzed. It is shown that in some cases the transferred angular momentum of a field cannot be expressed with Poynting vector and the description with the vector potential and charges is necessary.
Keywords: static field momentum, Poynting vector, vector potential.

Forming of Independent Work Skills as Basis of Scientific and Research Work of Students in Technical Higher Educational Institution
E.N. Baulo
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University, 690087 Russia, Vladivostok, Lugovaya St. 52 b; e-mail: bauloelena@mail.ru
Organization and planning of students’ independent work let to form skills necessary for prospective specialist by means of individual learning activities. Forming of independent work skills reveals learner’s abilities, creative and research potential, that let him or her to be engaged in scientific and research work.
Keywords: students’ independent work, scientific and research work, educational and research work of students.

Organization and Control of the Formation of Competencies of Students in the Study of Physics
L.V. Kucherenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University, 690087 Russia, Vladivostok, Lugovaya St. 52 ň-mail: lvk-07@mail.ru

Author presented the results assessment of degree of formation of competences of students’ direction 111500.62 «Industrial fishing» in the study physics using materials of organizational and methodological support.
Keywords: competence approach, ballroom-rating system, fund of assessment tools.

Pedagogical Conditions of the Professional Competences Formation in Studies of Physics at Technical University
O.F. Lapanik, I.M. Slabzhennikova, L.M. Jakovenko
Far Eastern State Technical Fisheries University
690087, Vladivostok, Lugovaya Str., 52-b; e-mail: lapanikof@rambler.ru

The questions of pedagogical conditions being realized in studies of the department of Physics at the Far Eastern Fishing University are discussed in this article. Different forms and methods of self-preparation work are offered here. It is shown that studies modernization in accordance with the new education standard leads to the professional competences formation in training at Technical University.
Keywords: professional competence, self-preparation work, levels of formation, studies motivation.

Lessons of Nanoelectronics.
6. Basics of Spintronics by «Bottom – Up» Approach
Yu.A. Kruglyak
Odessa State Environmental University, Odessa, Ukraine; e-mail: quantumnet@yandex.ua

Basic topics of spintronics such as spin valve, interface resistance due to mode mismatch, spin potentials, non-local spin voltage, spin moment and its transport, nanomagnet dynamics by spin current, polarizers and analyzers of spin current are discussed in the frame of the
«bottom – up» approach of modern nanoelectronics.
Keywords: nanophysicist, nanoelectronics, spintronika, spin gate, spin potential, spin angular momentum, spin transport, spin current, magnetization, topological dielectric, the equation of diffusion, the ballistic transport.

Talbot Effect I. Diffraction on One-Dimensional Gratings
E.V. Smirnov, B.G. Skuybin, L.K. Martinson
Bauman Moscow State Thechnical Univercity
105005, Moscow,  2th Baumanskaya, 5; e-mail: seva09@rambler.ru

The paper presents the review of research on diffraction of waves of various nature on diffraction gratings in the near zone – Fresnel diffraction. Considered are the peculiarities of self- imaging structure of the grating – carpet Talbot for cases of permeable and reflective gratings. Considered the effect of Low and possibilities of the interferometer Talbot-Low in the study of wave properties of very large molecules. Stressed the necessity of studying the Fresnel diffraction and its practical application in the course of General physics of technical universities.
Keywords: diffraction gratings, self-imaging phenomenon, Talbot carpet, Talbot-Lau interferometer.

Non-Contact Measurement of Active and Inductive Reactance of the Solenoid from the Phase Shift between the External Magnetic Field and the Induced Currents Field
A.G. Chernykh
Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University after V.P. Astafiev; 660049, Krasnoyarsk, st. Ada Lebedeva, 89; ˛. 8-913-182-63-91; e-mail: agchernyh@mail.ru

There is given the description of the laboratory setup for measuring the phase difference between the «external» alternating field and the field of induction currents. It is shown that the phase difference can be determined from the ratio of the EMF induced in an inductive sensor by the external field and the field of induction currents. Based on the phase difference measurements, conducted non-contact measurement of inductive and active resistens of solenoid being investigated.
Keywords: phase difference, induction sensors, non-contact measurement of electrical conductivity and inductance of the solenoid.

Glossary in Physics: Imperative of the Time
A.V. Samokhin, M.N. Ryzhkova
Muromskiy Institute (branch) OF FGOU VPO «Vladimir State University of A.G. and N.G. Stoletovs»; e-mail: masmash@mail.ru

In the article the analysis of contemporary reference materials in physics is carried out. Deficiencies in the glossaries in physics are revealed and requirements for the formation of glossary are formulated. An example of the formation of glossary in accordance with the advanced requirements is given.
Keywords: glossary, physics, instruction levels.

Research Experiment on Wave Optics in Level Training of Physics Teacher
O.A. Rogozhnikova1,2, K.G. Nikiforov1
1 Kaluga State University im. K.E. Tsiolkovskiy; e-mail: kgn@kspu.kaluga.ru
2 Pridnestrovskiy State University im. T.G. Shevchenko; e-mail: mixaol@mail.ru

The actual aspects of formation of scientific competence at physics teacher training are considered. Research experiment based on the modern achievements in physical optics is described.
Keywords: physics teacher, scientific competence, research experiment, wave optics.

Individualization of Students’ Educational Route in Physics Training of Bachelors in the Areas of «Physics» and  «Pedagogical Education»
D.A. Isaev, G.M. Chulkova
Moscow State Pedagogical University; 1/1 M. Pirogovskaya Str., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation. e-mail:  da.isaev@m.mpgu.edu, chulkova@rplab.ru

This article describes the physics training of Bachelors in two areas: «Pedagogical Education» and «Physics», which is realized at the Faculty of Physics and IT of MPSU in such a way: the students of any area have an opportunity to create their own educational routes up to changing the area of education from pedagogical to scientific or vice versa. The flexibility of educational routes defined by modern normative documents has its own rather a long history and traditions at the Faculty.
Keywords: block curriculum, multi-level model of education, curriculum of doubled profiles, elective courses.

The Integration of the Content of Education on the Subject Basis of the Perspective of Modern High Technologies by the Preparation of Pedagogical Shots on Physics
Yu.S. Ostroumova
The Russian state pedagogical university of A.I. Herzen
191186, St. Petersburg, Moyka River Emb., 48; e-mail: sinklit@mail.ru

The necessity is proved and the essence of the integration of the content of education is revealed by the preparation of students of pedagogical universities on physics. The possibilities of the realization of the integration of the content of the education on the subject basis of the perspective of modern high technologies are shown.
Keywords: the integration of the fundamental and applied components of the content of education, mono- and polydisciplinary integration of knowledge, the integration of educational, research and design activities, the integration of subject and methodical preparation.

The Technology of the Physical Experiment: Optical Properties of Solids
╠.└. Goryaev, └.P. Smirnov
The Russian state pedagogical university of A.I. Herzen
191186, St. Petersburg, Moyka River Emb., 48; e-mail: phys-el@mail.ru

The possibility of the technological learning and of the physical experiment culture development is considered in the task of determining the powdery solids refractive index. The main studies, from the experiment setting to the final processing of the obtained results are discussed.
Keywords: culture of physical experiment, refractive index, powdered materials, immersion method.

On the Factors Increasing the Motivational Component in Teaching Physics in Higher Educational Establishments of EMERCOM of Russia
└.N. ╩rylov1, V.I. Sluev2
1 Academy of the state fire-prevention service of MChS emergency and disaster relief ministry of Russia; e-mail: kran.84@mail.ru
2 Academy of the state fire-prevention service of MChS emergency and disaster relief ministry of Russia; e-mail: vsluev@yandex.ru

The issue concerning topicality of studying physics in higher educational establishments of EMERCOM of Russia is dealt with. The conception improving the quality of studying physics in such educational establishments is offered. Additional professional knowledge which teachers of physics in higher educational establishments of EMERCOM of Russia must possess for their successful training is pointed out.
Keywords: improvement in teaching physics, connection with special subjects, physics in higher educational establishments of EMERCOM of Russia.