Physics in Higher Education
V. 22, N 1, 2016
The contents
5 Heartily Congratulations to Our Jubilee’s Men
Yu.G. Rudoy
7 Quantum Accuracy Limitations for the Measurements of Micro- and Nanoobjects
Yu.G. Rudoy
20 XXV Conference-Competition of Young Physicists
N.V. Kalachev, M.B. Shapochkin
24 The Construction of the Course «Electronic Educational Resources in Teaching Physics» Based on the Situational Approach
E.V. Danilchyk, E.V. Donskova
33 Taxonomy Didactic Purposes in the Context of Modular Training
A.V. Chernykh
39 Psychological Bases of Formation of Critical Thinking of Students of Technical Colleges
A.V. Chernykh
45 Dynamic Chaos in the Modern Picture World
O.N. Golubeva, S.V. Sidorov
59 Practice of Nondual Electrodynamics Teaching Toward Unification of Continuous Charge with its Coulomb Field
I.E. Bulyzhenkov
75 On the Role of Energy and Entropy in Reversible Deformation of the Crystal and Amorphous Polymers
D.S. Sanditov
85 Logical and Intuitive Aspects in Developing the Notion «Temperature»
A.S. Kondratyev, L.A. Larchenkova, T.S. Novikova
97 Information System for Effective Studying of Physics Course
A.F. Smyk, A.A. Spiridinov, E.Yu. Bakhtina, Yu.A. Belkova, L.V. Spiridinova
109 Demonstration Experiments with an Oscilloscope as a Source of Problem Tasks in Teaching Computer Modeling of Physical Processes
A.V. Baranov
119 Use of the Practical and Laboratory Working – Book on Mechanics for Increasing the Teaching Effectiveness and Making Independent Student Work More Active
L.Yu. Vasil’eva, N.V. Aleksandrova, L.V. Dalmatova
132 XIII All-Russian Youth Samara Contest-Conference of Scientific Papers on Optics and Laser Physics
A.M. Mayorova
135 Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Dipole Moment of Collision Induced Transition (O2(1Δ))2®(O2(3Σ))2
A.A. Pershin, M.V. Zagidullin, A.M. Mebel, V.N. Azyazov
141 Entanglement Dynamics of Two Superconducting Qubits Interacting with Microwave Field in a Cavity
E.K. Bashkirov, M.S. Mastyugin
147 Sharp Resonant Laser Light Focusing Near a Dielectric Microcylinder
D.A. Kozlov
152 A Study of Surface Deformations and Heating of Azo-polymer Films in a Laser Beam by Scanning Probe Microscopy
K.L. Nefedyeva, S.S. Kharintsev, A.I. Fishman
159 The Laser Ablation of Gold in the Liquid Argon
V.S. Kazakevich, P.V. Kazakevich, P.S. Yaresko, D.A. Kamynina
165 Obituary

PHYSICS
IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Founders of the Journal:
Ministry of Education and Science of Russian Federation Moscow Physical Society
International Association of Developers and Manufactures of Educational Technology
The four-monthly journal ISSN 1609-3143

The journal is registered at the State Committee of the Russian Federation on the Press. Certificate of registration of the mass media no. 019360 dated November 2, 1999.

Journal Council
Oleg N. Krokhin – Prof., Dr. Sci., Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), (Editor-in-Chief)
Anatoliy D. Gladun — Prof., Dr. Sci., Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), (Deputy Editor-in-Chief)
Nikolay P. Kalashnikov – Prof., Dr. Sci., National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), (Deputy Editor-in-Chief)
Yuriy G. Rudoy — Prof., Dr. Sci., Russian People’s Friendship University
Mikhail B. Shapochkin – Prof., Dr. Sci., Chairman of the Board of Moscow Physical Society, (Deputy Editor-in-Chief)
Yuriy L. Kolesnikov — Prof., Dr. Sci., St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics - Optics
Nikolay N. Kudryavtsev — Prof., Dr. Sci., Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences
Mikhail N. Strikhanov — Prof., Dr. Sci., National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute)
Nikolay N. Sysoev— Prof., Dr. Sci., Lomonosov Moscow State University
Dmitry R. Khokhlov — Prof., Dr. Sci., Lomonosov Moscow State University, Corresponding
Member of Russian Academy of Sciences

Editorial Board

Olga N. Golubeva — Prof., Dr. Sci., Russian People’s Friendship University
Yuriy A. Gorohovatskiy — Prof., Dr. Sci., Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg
Irina N. Zavestovskaya — Prof., Dr. Sci., P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) Vladimir S. Lebedev— Prof., Dr.  Sci., P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University)
Andrey N. Morozov — Prof., Dr. Sci., National Research Bauman Technical University
Yuriy S. Pesotskiy — Prof., Dr. Sci., Association «MARPUT»
Natalia S. Purysheva – Prof., Dr. Sci., Moscow Pedagogical State University Alexander M. Saleckiy – Prof., Dr. Sci., Lomonosov Moscow State University Gennadiy G. Spirin — Prof., Dr. Sci., Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) Galina P. Stefanova —Prof., Dr. Sci., Astrakhan State University

Executive Secretary
Nikolay V. Kalachev — Prof., Dr. Sci., Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS, National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute)

Technical Edition
Pavel D. Berezin — technical editing, Publishing Service P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS
Tatyana Val. Alekseeva— engineer Publishing Service P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS
Tatyana Vik. Alekseeva — editor  Publishing  Service P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute of RAS

Phone: +7 (499) 132-66-51
E-mail: kalachev@sci.lebedev.ru

Internet: pinhe.lebedev.ru

 

 

Abstracts

Quantum Accuracy Limitations for the Measurements of Micro- and Nanoobjects
Yu.G. Rudoy
People’s Friendship University of Russia; e-mail: rudikar@mail.ru
Received March 2, 2016                                                                      PACS 03.65-w, 03-65 TA

In connection with the growing interest to nanotechnologies naturally arise the problems of theoretical description of open quantum nanoobjects – i.e., atoms and molecules; unfortunately, these items are not sufficiently discussed in the existing learning literature for professional physical education. In this paper the questions are discussed which are connected with the principal quantum limitations existing for the nanoobjects in the form of the so- called «uncertainties relations» of different types (Heisenberg, Schroedinger etc.). Special attention is devoted to those quantum limitations of the measurements which arise due to the macroscopic measuring apparatus which always possess the unavoidable quantum noise. It is shown that in this case only the approximate, or non-ideal, quantum measurement is possible while the projection postulate by von Neumann becomes not applicable; in particular, for the qubit measurement’s accuracy the «Yanase limit» is valid.
Keywords: quantum measurements, uncertainties relations, qubit.
..
References

  1. BlokhintsevD.I.Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. Moscow: Nauka, 1976, 5ed. – 665 p. [in Russian].
  2. DavydovA.S.Quantum Mechanics. Moscow: Nauka, 1968. – 584 p. [in Russian].
  3. MessiahA.Mechanique Quantique. Paris: Gauthier-Villars, 1959. – Vol. 1. – 480 p.
  4. Valiev K.A.// Soviet Physics – Uspekhi, 2005. Vol. 175. 1. P. 3-39. [in Russian].
  5. VorontsovYu.I. // Soviet Physics – Uspekhi, 2005. Vol. 175. 10. P. 1053-1068 [in Russian].
  6. ..// Soviet Physics – Uspekhi, 2005. Vol. 175. 6. P. 621-627 [in Russian].
  7. SukhanovA.D.,RudoyYu.G.// Soviet Physics – Uspekhi, 2006. Vol. 175. 5. P. 551-555 [in Russian].
  8. WickG.// Suppl. al Nuovo Cimento, 1966, Vol. 4, P. 309-336.
  9. ..Wigner E.P.// Zs. fur Physik. 1952. Bd. 133. P. 101-108.
  10. VonNeumannJ.Mathematische Grundlagen der Quantenmechanik. Berlin: Springer, 1932. – 354 P. 11. Araki H., Yanase M. // Phys. Rev. 1960. Vol.120. 2. P. 622-626.

12. Yanase M. // Phys. Rev. 1961. Vol.123. 2. P. 666-668.
13. Ghirardi G.C., Miglietta F., Rimini A., Weber T. // Phys. Rev. B. 1981.Vol. 24. 2. P. 347-352, 353-358.
14. OzawaM.// Phys. Rev. Lett. 2002. Vol. 88. 5. P. 050402-1 – 050402-4.

 

XXV Conference-Competition of Young Physicists
N.V. Kalachev, M.B. Shapochkin1
Financial University, Physical Institute P.N. Lebedev RAS, NRNU MEPhI
1 Moscow Physics Society
119991, Russia, Moscow, Leninsky pr., 53; e-mail: kalachev@sci.lebedev.ru

Received March 2, 2016                                                      PACS 42.25.-p, 42.30.-d, 42.40.-i, 42.50.-p, 42.55-f, 42.62.-b

XXV anniversary contest-conference for young (under 26 years old) physicists was held in FIAN 02 March 2016. The agenda of the contest included three sections. Best works were awarded cash prizes and recommended for publication in peer-reviewed journals, including the journal «Physics in Higher Education».
Keywords: competition, conference, young researchers, physics, nanotechnology.

The Construction of the Course «Electronic Educational Resources in Teaching Physics» Based on the Situational Approach
Elena Danilchyk, Elena Donskova
VolgogradState Socio-Pedagogical University 400066, Lenin Avenue, 27, Volgograd, Russia;
e-mail: daniev@yandex.ru,donskova.lena@yandex.ru
Received July14, 2015                                       PACS 01.30.Cc, 01.40.-d, 01.40.gb, 01.50.H-
The article describes a method of applying the situational approach to training of future teachers of physics. Possible variants of the development of the course «Electronic Educational Resources in Teaching Physics» based on professionally related situations grouped into cases. The article also describes the common structure of the cases and here have been given examples of such case studies as «Multimedia educational presentations on physics» and «Methodology of solving physical problems». The methodological features of laboratory and of practical classes are also given here.
Keywords:information competence of the teacher of physics, professionally related situation, situational approach, electronic educational resources.
References

  1. AlbrekhtN.V.Activity-oriented learning as a means of formation of professional mobility of University students: Abstract of thesis cand. ped. sci. – Ekaterinburg, 2009. [in Russian]
  2. Bordovskaya N.V., Rean A.A.Pedagogy: textbook for universities. – St.Petersburg: Piter, 2000. [in Russian]
  3. DanilchukE.V.Methodical system of formation of information culture of future teacher: Abstract of thesis doc. ped. sci. – Volgograd, 2003. [in Russian]
  4. DonskovaE.V.Professionally-oriented situations in pedagogical education: essence, projecting and realization // Discussion 9 (50). 2015. P. 105-111. [in Russian]
  5. IlyazovaM.D.Formation of invariants of professional competence of the student: situational- contextual approach: Abstract of thesis doc. ped. sci. – Moscow, 2010. [in Russian]
  6. KrysanovaO.A.Situation approach to professional competences development in innovation activity of future teachers of physics // Bulletin of the Tomsk State Pedagogical University. 2010. 1 (91). P. 28–31. [in Russian]
  7. Methods of assessing the level of qualification of teachers / edited by V.D. Shadrikova, I.V. Kuznetsova.

– M., 2010. [in Russian]

  1. PuryshevaN.S.,SharonovaN.V.,RomashkinaN.V.,MishinaE.A.Collection of contextual problems in methods of teaching physics: textbook for students of pedagogical universities / N.S. Purysheva [and others]. – Moscow: Moscow State Pedagogical University, 2013. [in Russian]
  2. Sokolova Y.V. Resolution of complex teaching situations as a condition of professional self- development of teachers in the secondary school: Abstract of thesis cand. ped. sci. – Makhachkala, 2013. [in Russian]
  3. TrubitsynaE.I.Development of professional diagnostic skills of future teachers of physics on the basis of a complex situational problems: Abstract of thesis cand. ped. sci. – Krasnoyarsk, 2003. [in Russian]
  4. Ravnovesie balance // School physics: learning portal [Internet resource]. – URL: http://sh-fizika.ru/2406-igra-uravnoves-rychazhnye-vesy.html (reference date: 02.07.2015)

Taxonomy Didactic Purposes in the Context of Modular Training
A.V. Chernykh
FGBOU VPO «Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I.M. Gubkin» 119991, Moscow, Leninsky Prospekt, house 65;
e-mail: fu3rh@mail.ru

Received January 21, 2016                                                                  PACS 01.40.-d, 01.40.Fk

This article discusses the taxonomy of educational objectives in the context of modular training. Is described the classification of didactic purposes by levels and functions (cognitive and operational).
Keywords:modular training, taxonomy purposes, cognitive goals, operational goals.
References

  1. Wazzin, K.Ya (1991). Samorazvitie cheloveka i modul’noe obuchenie [Self-development of man and modular training]. Nizhny Novgorod [in Russian].
  2. Gareyev,V.M.,Kulikov, S.I., & Durko, E.M. (1987). Printsipy modul’nogo obucheniya [Principles of modular training]. Vestnik vysshey shkoly. - Vestnik of high school, 8, 30-33 [in Russian].
  3. Prokopenko,O.V.,Karminskii,A.M.,& Klimenko, A.V. (2011). Rol reitinha v obrazovatelnom protsesse vuza [Rating role in educational process of higher education institution]. Marketinh i menedzhment innovatsii. – Marketing and Management of Innovations, 2, 4, 141-146 [in Russian]
  4. Yutsyavichene,P.A.(1989). Teoriya i praktika modul’nogo obucheniya [Theory and practice of modular training]. Kaunas [in Russian].
  5. BloomB.S.Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: The Classification of Educational Goals. New York, 1956.
  6. Postlethwait S.N. Novak I., Murray U.T. The Audio-Tutorial Approach to Learning. – Minneapolis:

Burgess Publishing, 1972.

Psychological Bases of Formation of Critical Thinking of Students of Technical Colleges
A.V. Chernykh
FGBOU VPO «Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after I.M. Gubkin» 119991, Moscow, Leninsky Prospekt, house 65;
e-mail: fu3rh@mail.ru
Received January 21, 2016                                                                 PACS: 01.40.-d, 01.40.Fk In this article, we are talking about the formation of critical thinking of future engineers
in terms of psychology. Consider the stages of formation of critical thinking and liaison thinking and memory.
Keywords: cognitive learning; critical thinking; memory.
References

  1. BrouseJ.,& Wood D. (1994). Invajronmental’noe obrazovanie v shkolah, – per. s angl. NAAEE. [Invayronmentalnoe education in schools, – per. from English. NAAEE.]. Moscow: School [in Russian].
  2. ChampagneA.B.(1992). Cognitive research on thinking in academic science and mathematics: Implications for practice and policy. In D. F. Halpern (Ed.), Enhancing thinking skills in the sciences and mathematics (pp. 117-134). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  3. Norman, D.A. The psychology of everyday things. New York: Basic Books., 1988.
  4. Halpern,D.(2000). Psihologija kriticheskogo myshlenija [Psychology critical thinking]. SPb.: Publishing house «Peter» [in Russian].
  5. Hunt,E.Cognitive science: Definition, status, and questions. In M. R. Rosenzweig & L. W. Porter

(Eds.), Annual review of psychology, 40, 1989, p.p.603-630. 

Dynamic Chaos in the Modern Picture World
O.N. Golubeva1, S.V. Sidorov2

1 FGAOUVO«Russian Peoples’ Friendship University» (PFUR) Department of Gravitation and Cosmology; Maclay, 6,
Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation; e-mail: ogol2013@gmail.com
2 FGBOU VPO “Moscow State Academy of Water Transport” (MGAVT), Department of Mathematics, Novodanilovskaya nab., 2, 1,
Moscow,117105, Russia Federation: e-mail: sidorovsv@mail.ru
Received November 30, 2015                                                                                PACS 05.45.-a

The paper discusses issues related to the nature of dynamic chaos and its place in the modern picture of the world. It was shown that ultra-high sensitivity of chaotic systems to initial conditions due to the ultra-high density trajectories in the phase space, which creates a bifurcation mechanism. The interrelation between dynamic chaos with the formation of non- linear thinking.
Keywords: nonlinear dynamics, deterministic chaos, nonlinear thinking.

References

  1. LigthillJ.The Recently Recognized Failure of Predictability in Newtonain Dynamics // Proceeding of the Royal Society. Vol. 407, 1986. P. 35-50.
  2. MandelshtamL.I. Lecture on the theory of oscillations. – M.: Nauka, 1972. 470 pp. [in Russian].
  3. SidorovS.V. Dynamic chaos. 4. Sidorov SV Dynamic chaos. Numerical experiment. Saarbrucken, Deutschland, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2013. 187 p. [in Russian].
  4. MagnitskiiN.A.,SidorovS.V. New methods for chaotic dynamics. – M.: URSS, 2004. 320 p. [in Russian].
  5. GookA.E.,RobertsP.H.The Rikitake two-disc Dynamo System. In Proc. A.N. Kolmogorov, S.P. Novikov, (ed.) Mathematics. New in foreign science. Series 22. Strange Attractors. Coll. articles. Moscow, “Mir”, 1981. Pp. 160–188. [in Russian].

Practice of Nondual Electrodynamics Teaching Toward Unification of Continuous Charge with its Coulomb Field

I.E. Bulyzhenkov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology 9 University lane, Dolgoprudny, 141700;
Lebedev Physics Institute RAS, 53 Leninsky pros., 119971, Russia; e-mail: bulyzhenkov.ie@mipt.ru
Received December 2, 2015                                                                                PACS 11.10.Lm

The work is dedicated to the probe-teaching course of classical electrodynamics conducted in MIPT. In this course the notions about the empty space, the point particle and a localized charge are omitted, and the localized charge is replaced by a complex radial distribution, whose real volume integral over the whole space is proportional to the mass of an elementary carrier of energy, while imaginary volume integral is proportional to the elementary electric charge. Distributed classical electron is imparted with a finite imaginary electric energy – i1027 eV, and it stays in the Einstein’s formula next to the real energy 511 KeV. Interacting in the conformity with Newton, the imaginary charges demonstrate the presence of real Coulomb forces, and they are free from self-acceleration induced by radiation. The society of the forces of gravity and of electricity at the non-dual confluence of the particle and its field has been predicted by the double unification criterion.
Keywords:nonempty space, complex charge, double unification, charge equivalents,
compensation of paired energies.
References

  1. MieG.// Ann. D. Phys. 1912. V.37. P. 511; V.39. P. 1; 1913. V. 40. P.1.
  2. EinsteinA.// Sitzungsber. d. Berl. Akad. 1914. S. 1030; 1915. S. 778, 799, 831, 844.
  3. HilbertD.// Nachrichten K. Gesell. Wiss. Gottingen, Math. -phys. Klasse. 1915. Heft 3. S. 359.
  4. BulyzhenkovI.E.// Pure Field Electrodynamics of Continuous Complex Charges, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow, 2015, ISBN 978-5-7417-0554-4.
  5. AspectA.,Grangier P., RogerG.// Phys. Rev. Let. 1981. V. 47. P. 460; ibid1982. V. 49. P. 91.
  6. EinsteinA,InfeldL.// Evolution of Physics: From Early Concepts to Relativity and Quanta. 1938. Simon & Schuster. New York.
  7. LorentzH.A.// The Theory of Electrons. – Leipzig: 1916.
  8. BulyzhenkovI.E.// Int. Jour. of Theor. Phys. 2008. V. 47. P.1261.
  9. BulyzhenkovI.E.// Jour. Supercond. and Novel Magnet. 2009. V.22. P. 627
  10. BulyzhenkovI.E.// Bulletin Lebedev Physics Institute. 2014. N.P.1.
  11. BulyzhenkovI.E.// Proceedings of Science (pos.sissa.it). Frontiers of Fundamental Physics 14. 2014. Aix Marseille University (AMU) Saint-Charles Campus, Marseille. PoS (FFP14) 185.
  12. BulyzhenkovI.E.// Journal of Physical Science and Application. 2014. V.4 (7). P.46.
  13. BulyzhenkovI.E.// Edited by E.Auge, J.Dumarchez, and J.T.T. Vn. Gravitation 2015: 100 years of GR. 2015. Proceedings of the 50th Rencontres de Moriond.P.389.
  14. HagemeisterM.//Russian cosmism in the 1920s and today // Rosenthal B. G. (ed.) The occult in Russian and Soviet culture.1997. Ithaca, London, Cornell University Press. pp. 185—202; DjordjevicR. // Russian cosmism, Serb. Astron. Jour. 1999. V. 159. PP. 105-109.
  15. Tonnelat M.-A. // The principles of electromagnetic theory and relativity. 1966. Riedel Publishing Co. Dordrecht.

On the Role of Energy and Entropy in Reversible Deformation of the Crystal and Amorphous Polymers

D.S. Sanditov

Buryat State University, 670000 Ulan-Ude, Smolina str. 24; e-mail: sanditov@bsu.ru

Received November 25, 2015                                                                              PACS 65.40.gd

The discussed comparison of highly elastic deformation of rubber with elastic deformation of a crystal helps to demonstrate the physical meaning of the entropy as a measure of disorder. Highly elastic deformation of an amorphous polymer is of entropic character, while the elastic deformation of a crystal is of energy character. Some incorrectness of the use of a rubber cord in order to demonstrate the action of Hooke’s law, cited as an example in school textbooks, is also under discussion in this paper.
Keywords:entropy, the second law of thermodynamics, order and disorder of a system, the internal energy, elastic deformation, highly elastic deformation, deformation equation of solids.

References [in Russian]

  1. AtkinsP. Order and disorder in nature. Moscow: Mir, 1987. 224 p.
  2. ShambadalV.P.Development and application of entropy. Moscow: Science, 1967. 335 p.
  3. CareriG. Order and disorder in the matter. Moscow: Mir, 1985. 223 p.
  4. SchartzA.A. Entropy as a measure of the chaotic state of a thermodynamic system // Physics in Higher Education. 1999. V. 5. No 2. pp. 73-83.
  5. HullV.E.,KuleznevV.N.Structure and mechanical properties of polymers. Tutorial. Moscow: Publishing House of the “Labyrinth”, 1994. 367 p.
  6. RumerYu.,RivkinM.Sh.Thermodynamics, statistical physics and kinetics. Moscow: Science, 1972. 400 p.
  7. TsvetkovL.A.Organic chemistry. Grade 10. Moscow: Education, 1991. 266 p.
  8. Myakishev G.Y., Buhovtsi B.B., Sotskii N.N. Physics. Grade 10. Textbook for educational institutions. 18-th edition. Moscow: Education, 2009. 366 p.
  9. BartenevG.M.,FrenkelS.Y.Polymer physics. Leningrad: Chemistry, 1990. 432 p.
  10. PodgornovaN.I.Molecular Physics in high school. Moscow: Education, 1970. 192 p.
  11. KuboR.Thermodynamics. Moscow: Mir, 1970. 312 p.
  12. WolkensteinM.V. Entropy and information. Moscow: Science, 1986. 346 p.
  13. HakenG.Synergetics. Moscow: Mir, 1980. 236 p.
  14. Kurdyumov S.P., Malinetskii G.G. Synergetics and the theory of self-regulation. Moscow: Znanie, 1983. 187 p.
  15. OrlovV.A.,NikiforovG.G.The equilibrium and nonequilibrium thermodynamics. Elective course: textbook. Moscow: BINOM. Knowledge Laboratory, 2005. 120 p.
  16. MolkovS.I.The concept of entropy in the course of physics // Physics in Higher Education. 2008. T. 14. 4. P. 3-8.
  17. ZhirifalkoL.Statistical physics of solid state. Moscow: Mir, 1975. 382 p.

Logical and Intuitive Aspects in Developing the Notion «Temperature»

A.S. Kondratyev, L.A. Larchenkova, T.S. Novikova
Herzen State Pedagogical university of Russia Moika river Emb., 48, St. Petersburg, Russia, 191168; e-mail: kondrat6125@mail.ru, larludmila@yandex.ru
Received January 14, 2016                                                                  PACS 01.40.Gb, 52.25.B
The didactical chain of the introduction, development and utilization of the notion of temperature on different levels of physics education is offered. The logical and intuitive aspects of the problem are designated and discussed.
Keywords: empirical temperature, thermodynamic temperature, plasma frequency.

References

  1. E.L.Feinberg.Two cultures. Intuition and logics in art and science. – M.: Nauka, 1992 [in Russian].
  2. A.S.Kondratyev,N.A.Priatkin.Modern Technology of Physics Learning. Textbook. – SPb.: Publ. House of SPb Univ., 2006 [in Russian].
  3. A.S.Kondratyev,E.V.Sitnova.Paradox Features of Physics Thinking. Monograph. – Ivanovo: Publ. House of Ivanovo Univ., 2010 [in Russian].
  4. U.I.Frankfurt.On the History of Thermodynamics Acsiomatics / The Development of Modern Physics. – M.: Nauka, 1964 [in Russian].
  5. R.Kubo.Thermodynamics. – M.: Mir, 1970 [in Russian].
  6. E.I.Butikov,A.S.Kondratyev,V.

Information System for Effective Studying of Physics Course

A.F. Smyk, A.A. Spiridinov, E.Yu. Bakhtina, Yu.A. Belkova, L.V. Spiridinova

Moscow State Automobile and Road Technical University (MADI), Moscow, Russia; e-mail: afsmyk@mail.ru,a@spiridonov.me,elbakh@gmail.com,belkova-fiz@mail.ru,lvspiridonova@yandex.ru
Received June, 23, 2015                                                                      PACS 01.50.H C, 01.50.Kw
An information system developed at Moscow State Automobile and Road Technical University, (MADI) has its aim to make student learning more efficient. This system comprises two main parts id est a resource library and a learning module. The use of the system in the educational process provides comfortable media for studying physics by students with different levels of knowledge and helps to organize optimally their self-depended work. With the system, teachers receive an opportunity to perform a detailed analysis of the process of mastering the subject by their students and to introduce if need be all the necessary corrections within the time of the term.
Keywords:teaching physics at a technical institute, information system, distant learning, self-depended work of the students.

References [in Russian]

  1. SmykA.F.Organization of self-studying students’ work. // Proceedings of XII International Scientific Conference «Physics in System of Modern Education (PSME-2013)», Petrozavodsk, 3–7 June 2013. Vol. 1. P. 176.
  2. RobertI.V. modern information technologies in education. M.: School-Press, 1994. P. 205.
  3. VosnesenskayaN.V. Education Physics students of technical colleges with use of modern computer technology. Diss. on the candidate PhD. Mordova State University. Saransk, 2006.
  4. TretyakovaO.N. Information technology and the development of remote physical workshop// Bulletin of the Kostroma State University named after Nekrasov, 2010. Vol. 16/4. P. 288-290.
  5. BakhtinaE.Yu.,IvanjvaI.G.Information technologies in teaching of physics for bachelors of technical college // Physical Bulletin of Institute of Natural Sciences and Biomedicine NArFU 2014. 12, P. 108-115.
  6. SpiridinovaL.V.Computerization of laboratory practical work on physics. // Proceedings of XII International Scientific Conference «Physics in System of Modern Education (PSME-2013)», Petrozavodsk, 3–7 June 2013. Vol. 2. P. 233.
  7. SmykA.F.,SpiridinovA.A.,BakhtinaE.Yu.,BelkovaYu.A.,SpiridinovaL.V.Information system for effective studying of physics course. // Proceedings of XIII International Scientific Conference «Physics in System of Modern Education (PSME-2013)», Saint-Petersburg, 1–4 June 2015. Vol. 1. P. 360.

Demonstration Experiments with an Oscilloscope as a Source of Problem Tasks in Teaching Computer Modeling of Physical Processes

A.V. Baranov

Novosibirsk State Technical University
Russia, 630092 Novosibirsk,  K. Marx Prospekt  20, NSTU; e-mail: baranovav@ngs.ru
Received August 17, 2015                                                PACS 01.40.gb; 01.40.Fk; 01.50.H-
The results of demonstration experiments with an oscilloscope are used for statements of problems in teaching computer modeling of physical processes. This approach allows to realize an integrated process of interdisciplinary teaching in the context of the method of scientific knowledge.
Keywords:problem method of teaching physics, teaching computer modeling of physical processes, Mathcad.
References

  1. GlazkovV.V.,KondratievA.S.,LyaptsevA.V.Mathematical modeling in the study of physics // Physics in Higher Education. – 2007 – Vol. 13. – 4. – P. 38–52 [in Russian].
  2. Baranov A.V. Virtual projects and problem-active approach in teaching physics at the Technical University // Physics in Higher Education. 2012. – Vol. 18. – 4. – P. 90–96 [in Russian].
  3. BufflerA.,PillayS.,LubbenF.,FearickR.A model-based view of physics for computational activities in the introductory course // Am. J. Phys. – 2008. – Vol. 76. – 4. – P. 431–437.
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  9. BaranovA.V.From a physical experiment to the computer model: integrated projects in additional school education // III All-Russian scientific-practical conference «Information technologies in education of the XXI century». Collection of scientific papers. – M.: MEPhI. – 2013. – P. 317–321 [in Russian].
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Use of the Practical and Laboratory Working – Book on Mechanics for Increasing the Teaching Effectiveness and Making Independent Student Work More Active

L.Yu. Vasil’eva, N.V. Aleksandrova, L.V. Dalmatova
Moscow State Academy of Water Transport, 115407, Moscow, Novodanilovskaya embankment, 2; e@mail: alexanava@rambler.ru
Received July, 02, 2015                                 PACS 01.40.gb – Teaching methods and strategies

The contradiction between the growth of the requirements to modern specialists from one side, and cutting down the quantity of time intended to teach physics from another side, is at present one of the main contradictions in teaching the subject. The use of practical and laboratory exercise books on mechanics helps to increase efficiency and to make more active the independent work of students of the first year. Such problems as mastering of scientific and research habits find necessary solution, with these exercise books; they help to learn how to use tools and equipment. With this exercise book the student, get acquainted with methods of measuring of different physical magnitudes by the use of numerical and graphic methods of processing. It also helps to draw conclusions; it teaches to solve problems using the algorithms and the knowledge of the main laws that were received at the lectures and during the practical studies. These exercise books contain solutions and answers to discussed questions. A number of practical and laboratory studies are given here as an example.
Keywords: physic education, efficiency of teaching, practical and laboratory exercise book, habits, methods, algorithm, laws.

References [in Russian]

  • TroitskiiE.,MendeleevD.I.The System of Russian Prosperity – upon life. – M.: Granitsa, 2007 – 327 pp.
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7. TrofimovaT.I.Course of Physics. – M.: Academy, 2007 – 560 pp.

XIII All-Russian Youth Samara Contest-Conference of Scientific Papers on Optics and Laser Physics

A.M. Mayorova
P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 443011 Russia, Samara, Novo-Sadovaya str., 221;
e-mail: mayorovaal@gmail.com
Received December 23, 2015            PACS 42.25.-p, 42.30.-d, 42.40.-i, 42.50.-p, 42.55.-f, 42.62.-b

The 13-th All-Russian contest-conference of scientific works on optics and laser physics presented by young researchers was held in Samara branch of Lebedev Physical Institute from 11-th to 14-th of November 2015. Besides the contest between the reports of students, post-graduates, of young PhDs and of young researchers on topical issues of coherent and quantum optics, spectroscopy, nanophotonics and biophotonics, the program included lectures delivered by leading scientists in the field. The works of the winners of the contest were recommended to be published in peer-review journals with «Physics in Higher Education» among them.
Keywords:contest-conference, young researchers, optics, laser physics, nanophotonics, biophotonics, nanotechnologies.

Quantum-mechanical Calculations of Dipole Moment of Collision Induced Transition (O (1?)) ?(O (3?))

A.A. Pershin1,2, M.V. Zagidullin1,2, A.M. Mebel3, V.N. Azyazov1,2
1 Samara State Aerospace University, 443086, 34, Moskovskoye Shosse, Samara, Russia; e-mail: azyazov@ssau.ru,anchizh93@gmail.com
2Lebedev Physical Institute, 443011, 221 Novo-Sadovaya, Samara, Russia; e-mail: marsel@fian.smr.ru
3 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA; e-mail: mebela@fiu.edu
Received December 24, 2015                                                                           PACS 82.20.Wt The dipole moment of collision induced transition (O2(a1Δ),u¢)2→(O2(X3Σ),u¢¢)2 and potential energy surfaces of excited and ground states of dimole oxygen (O2)2 have been calculated using quantum-mechanical abinitiomethods. Rate constants of collision induced emission of singlet oxygen molecules O2(a1Dg) were found to be in good agreement with experimental ones. It was found, that the strong vibronic coupling between nearly degenerate excited singlet states of the dimole makes the intensities of vibronically and symmetry allowed transitions comparable.
Keywords:singlet oxygen, luminescence, collisional complex, rate constant, transition dipole moment, vibronic coupling.

References

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Entanglement Dynamics of Two Superconducting Qubits Interacting with Microwave Field in a Cavity

E.K. Bashkirov, M.S. Mastyugin
S.P.Korolev Samara Stae Aerospace University, 34, Moskovskoye shosse, Samara, 443086, Russia;e-mail: bash@samsu.ru,mastyugin.mikhail@mail.ru
Received December 23, 2015                       PACS 42.50.–p; 42.52.+x; 03.65.–x; 03.67.–a
The dynamics of two flux qubits interacting with two modes of cavity via nondegenerate two-photon transitions has been investigated. Based on the exact solution of the evolution equation the time behavior of two-qubit concurrence for different initial atom-field states has been derived. The possibility of qubits entanglement control via dipole-dipole interaction has been shown.
Keywords: superconducting qubits, entanglement, dipole-dipole interaction, coplanar cavity, concurrence.

References

  • XiangZ.-L.,AshhabS.,YouJ.Q.,NoriF.Hybrid quantum circuits: Superconducting circuits interacting with other quantum systems. Rev. Mod. Phys., 2013, Vol. 85, pp. 623-653.
  • FlurinE.,RochN.,PilletJ.D.,MalletF.,HuardB.Superconducting Quantum Node for Entanglement and Storage of Microwave Radiation. Phys. Rev. Lett. 2015, Vol. 114, P. 090503/1-090503/5.
  • BashkirovE.K.,MastyuginM.S.The influence of atomic coherence and dipole-dipole interaction on entanglement of two qubits with nondegenerate two-photon transitions. Pramana-J. Phys. 2015, Vol. 84, pp. 127-135.

Sharp Resonant Laser Light Focusing  Near a Dielectric Microcylinder
D.A. Kozlov
Image Processing Systems Institute of RAS Russia, 443001, Samara, Molodogvardeiskaya st., 151; e-mail: kozlov.dmitry.a@gmail.com
Received January 11, 2016                                  PACS 42.25.Fx Diffraction and scattering
The paper proves numerically that the focusing of the resonant laser light by a dielectric microcylinder leads to significant reduce of the focal spot. The behavior of resonant modes and their effect on the focal spot were investigated for a different mode numbers. The minimal width of the focal spot with FWHM = 0,15l was obtained by inducing a resonant 30-th mode in a dielectric cylinder under illumination with a monochromatic TE polarized plane wave.
Keywords:diffraction optics, subwavelength structures, resonance, whispering gallery mode, dielectric cylinder.

References

  • LiuC.,ChangL. Photonic nanojet modulation by elliptical microcylinders. Optik, 2014, vol. 125, no. 15, pp. 4043-4046. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijleo.2014.01.116
  • GuG.,ZhouR.,ChenZ.Super-long photonic nanojet generated from liquid-filled hollow microcylinder. Optics Letters, 2015, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 625-628. DOI: 10.1364/OL.40.000625
  • GeintsY.E.,ZemlyanovA.A.,PaninaE.K.Photonic jets from resonantly excited transparent dielectric. Journal of Optical Society of America, 2012, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 758-762. DOI: 10.1364/JOSAB.29.000758
  • Heifetz A., Simpson J.J., Kong S.C., Taflove A., Backman V. Subdiffraction optical resolution of a gold nanosphepe located within the nanojet of a Mie-resonant dielectric microsphere. Optics Express, 2007, vol. 15, no. 25, pp. 17334-17342. DOI: 10.1364/OE.15.017334
  • KozlovD.A.,KotlyarV.V.Sharp laser focusing by resonant excitation in homogenous microcylinder. IzvestiyaSamarskogoNauchnogoTsentraRAN[Proceedings of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences], 2015, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 80-82 [in Russian].
  • KotlyarV.V.,KozlovD.A.,KovalevA.A.Calculation of the resonant radius of a dielectric cylinder under illumination by a plane TE-wave. Kompyuterrnaya Optika [Computer Optics], 2015, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 163-171 [in Russian].

A Study of Surface Deformations and Heating of Azo-polymer Films in a Laser Beam by Scanning Probe Microscopy

K.L. Nefedyeva, S.S. Kharintsev, A.I. Fishman
KazanFederalUniversity,Instituteofphysics420008,Kazan,Kremlyovskayastr.,16;
e-mail:nefedieva_ksu@mail.ru,skharint@gmail.com,alexandr.fishman@gmail.com
Received December 23, 2015                                                                        PACS 33.20.Fb
Photoinduced mass transport in the surface layer of an azo-polymer film exposed to the action of the concentrated laser beam with a wavelength within and out of the absorption band was investigated with the means of atomic force microscopy. With Raman spectroscopy was found photoinduced destruction threshold for 280 nm thick azo-polymer film. Scanning thermal microscopy was used to explore the process of photoinduced heating of this film both when with contact of the latter with a glass substrate and without it.
Keywords:azo-polymer, surface deformation, scanning thermal microscopy, Raman spectroscopy.

References

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The Laser Ablation of Gold in the Liquid Argon

V.S. Kazakevich1, P.V. Kazakevich1, P.S. Yaresko1, D.A. Kamynina1,2
1 P.N.Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences 443011 Russia, Samara, Novo-sadovaya st., 221
2Samarastate University
443011 Russia, Academician Pavlov st., 1;
e-mail: kazakevich@fian.smr.ru, kazakevich_pv@ fian.smr.ru, yarepav@gmail.com,kamyninada@gmail.com
Received December 23, 2015                                                                              PACS 75.50. Tt
A method of synthesis of nanoparticles of gold and of their aggregates with the use of pulsed laser ablation is described. Diameters of the resulting particles are in the scope from 10 to 400 nm. Annular traces of deposited gold nanoparticles with characteristic size around 45 microns were found on the surface of the substrate. The presence of these formations may be explained by appearance of cavitation bubbles in the liquid during the process of the laser ablation.
Keywords:laser ablation, gold nanoparticles, liquid argon, sedimentation of nanoparticles.

References

  • MakarovG.N.Physics-Uspekhi – 2013. – Vol. 183, 7. – P. 673–718.
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– P. 951–956.

  • Kazakevich P.V., Yaresko P.S., Kazakevich V.S., Kamynina D.A. Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute. – 2014. – Vol. 41, 9. – P. 40–49.
  • ZijieY.,DouglasB.Chrisey Pulsed laser ablation in liquid for micro-/nanostructure generation / Y. Zijie, B. Douglas// Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews. – 2012. – 13. – P. 204–223.