"Physics in Higher Education"

JOURNAL of the

MOSCOW

PHYSICAL

SOCIETY Series "B" V.3, N1, 1997

5 Natural science in a technological society

A. D. Gladun

15 Physics: the international baccalaureate

V. G. Razumovsky

32 On the work of the high school teachers section of the Moscow Physics Society

V. V. Bronfman

42 Down with the routine from the opera stage!

S. G. Kalenkov

45 Experience of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Physics and Technology Correspondence School with high school students

S.M. Korshunov

57 Competitive examinations as an effective means of preparing students for entrance into university

N. A. Aleksandrova, V. A. Bekmurzaev

76 The physics entrance exam for the Moscow Aviation Institute

G. G. Spirin and E. L. Studnikov

113 Why can't high school students solve physics problems?

D.A. Artamonov

116 Experience in teaching physics in ninth-grade classes using the "Living Physics" computer environment

G. F. L'vovskaya

119 A computer method for teaching eleventh-grade physics

M. B. L'vovskii

127 The system of pre-university preparation for future university students (the experience of the MIIT)

S. M. Kokin, V. A. Nikitenko, A. P. Pruntsev, V. A. Seleznev

137 Physics laboratory exercises for high school students in pedagogical university teaching laboratories

N. B. Vinogradova, E. G. Basova

140 A state standard for university-level professional education

154

158 Abstracts

163 Informations

 

ABSTRACTS

NATURAL SCIENCE IN A TECHNOLOGICAL SOCIETY

A. D. Gladun

"Stankin" Moscow State Technological University

The relevance and role of the natural sciences in modern society are discussed. It is shown that in a technological society, the most important factor is not so much the quantity of energy used, but the possibility that this energy use may be concentrated in small volumes over small time intervals. This concentration disturbs the biogeochemical cycles of the biosphere, giving rise to urgent problems in the anthropogenic ecology channel. This must be reflected in the teaching of natural science disciplines in high schools and universities.

PHYSICS: THE INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE

V. G. Razumovsky

Russian Educational Academy, Moscow

The essence of the pedagogical ideas of the international organization currently called the "International Baccalaureate" is presented. The physics curriculum and requirements for students of International Baccalaureate schools are considered in detail.

ON THE WORK OF THE HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS SECTION OF THE MOSCOW PHYSICS SOCIETY

V. V. Bronfman

Moscow Physical Society

The necessity of close interaction between high school students, university-level and high-school teachers, and university-level students has long been realized by the members and organizers of the Moscow Physical Society. The goal of this article is to acquaint the physical community with this project and to persuade the readers to give their full support to a new section of the MPS - a section of high school students of physics.

DOWN WITH THE ROUTINE FROM THE OPERA STAGE!

S. G. Kalenkov

"Stankin" Moscow State Technological University

Several physics problems for student competitions with amusing subjects are suggested.

EXPERIENCE OF THE MOSCOW INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS AND TECHNOLOGY AND THE PHYSICS AND TECHNOLOGY CORRESPONDENCE SCHOOL WITH HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

S.M. Korshunov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

The MIPT Physics and Technology Correspondence School

Dolgoprudnii, Moscow Region

The Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) already has a forty-year history of providing high school students with a thorough study of physics and mathematics. The Physics and Technology Correspondence School (PTCS) conducts individualized programs for high school students lasting four, three, two, or one year. The author shares his experiences in working in the PTCS of the MIPT.

COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS AS AN EFFECTIVE MEANS OF PREPARING STUDENTS FOR ENTRANCE INTO UNIVERSITY

N. A. Aleksandrova, V. A. Bekmurzaev

"Stankin" Moscow State Technological University

The system for preparing students for entrance to the "Stankin" Moscow State Technological University is discussed and analyzed.

THE PHYSICS ENTRANCE EXAM FOR THE MOSCOW AVIATION INSTITUTE

G. G. Spirin and E. L. Studnikov

Moscow Aviation Institute (Technical University)

The authors summarize their experience in working in preparatory courses (four), the preparatory department, and a wide network of special schools and special classes in Moscow and the surrounding area (roughly sixty). The pre-university activities in the network are conducted according to coordinated plans oriented not only toward the program of entrance exams, but also toward the rapid adaptation of students to study in a general physics program. Most teachers in the Moscow Aviation Institute physics department work in the pre-university preparation network. Ten examples of exam cards used for university entrants in 1996 are considered.

WHY CAN'T HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS SOLVE PHYSICS PROBLEMS?

D.A. Artamonov

Theacher, School No 216

Methods of physics problems solution in secondary school are disussed.

EXPERIENCE IN TEACHING PHYSICS IN NINTH-GRADE CLASSES USING THE "LIVING PHYSICS" COMPUTER ENVIRONMENT

G. F. L'vovskaya

Teacher, Physics School No. 1126

The use of the "Living Physics" computer environment in physics exercises can help decrease difficulties among ninth-grade students, associated with the lack of skills in the analysis of various physics problems using fundamental physical concepts such as velocity, acceleration, mass, force, momentum, and energy. This program package, developed for use on Macintosh computers, makes it possible to simulate on the computer screen various physics problems and observe physical phenomena in an animated regime.

A COMPUTER METHOD FOR TEACHING ELEVENTH-GRADE PHYSICS

M. B. L'vovskii

Senior Scientist, Physics School No. 1126

Computers, as well as other technical teaching media, are being used more and more often in schools. The use of computer exercises in physics classes makes it possible to visually present complex physical phenomena, often not reproducible using school demonstration equipment. This makes it easier for students to absorb the material more deeply and provides a means to increase their interest for the subject.

THE SYSTEM OF PRE-UNIVERSITY PREPARATION FOR FUTURE UNIVERSITY STUDENTS (THE EXPERIENCE OF THE MIIT)

S. M. Kokin, V. A. Nikitenko, A. P. Pruntsev, V. A. Seleznev

Moscow State Railway University (MIIT)

Bases for possible forms of pre-university preparation of students are examined in the context of the experience at the Moscow State Railway University (MIIT). Some methodical aspects of teaching physics in college-preparatory schools and in university physical - mathematical schools are presented. Problems encountered by teachers working with students preparing to enter MIIT are discussed.

PHYSICS LABORATORY EXERCISES FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY TEACHING LABORATORIES

N. B. Vinogradova

Moscow Pedagogical State University

E. G. Basova

Gymnasium School No. 710 RAE

Questions involved in the organization of a new form of physics laboratory experience for senior physics-mathematics gymnasium classes based on teaching laboratories in pedagogical university general physics departments are discussed.

A STATE STANDARD FOR UNIVERSITY-LEVEL PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION

Requirements are presented for required minimum content and level of preparation of baccalaureates in discipline 510400 -Physics (the second level of university-level professional education).