Physics in Higher Education The contents
AbstractsGeneral Physics Course in MIPT A.D. Gladun, F.F. Igoshin The Moscow Physics Technology Institute (State university) The methodical and organizational principles of teaching of general physics course in MIPT are stated.
Faculty of Theoretical Physics in MIPT S.P. Alliluev, Yu.M. Belousov The Moscow Physics Technology Institute (State university) The brief history of formation of faculty of theoretical physics is told, the features of teaching of theoretical physics in MIPT are stated. The structure of the course is formulated and made reasonable. The brief characteristic of all courses read by faculty is given. The important role of equation of a lecture and practical (seminar) component is marked.
Physics Olympiads of the Schoolboys: History and Prospects S.M. Kozel, V.A. Orlov Moscow Institute of Physics Technology, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region The aims and organizing problems of carrying out one of the kinds of intellectual competitions of students in our country  Russian physical Olympiad are discussed. The problems of training the Russian team to participate in the International Physics Olympiad and results achieved are represented.
Physical Paradoxes as Consequence of the Limitations of the Real Phenomena Models A.S. Kondratjev, M.E. Filippov Russian University of People's Friendship The role of physical paradoxes by the student's physical education is discussed. The specific attention is paid for those paradoxes, which are not connected with some hidden mistakes in the logical discourses. More important are those paradoxes which become from the superceding of limit of validness for the specific physical models. As an example a well known in mechanics  the paradox of Paintleve  is given, which is connected with the motion of the system of absolutely hard bodies with connections and friction between them.
Optics in the Course of General Physics in MIPT S.M. Kozel, G.R. Lokshin Moscow Institute of Physics Technology, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region The basic principles and ideas in the course of wave optics and its place in the course of general physics at Moscow Institute of Physics Technology are described. The optical wave phenomena studied in this course provide graphic illustrations of wave processes, common to all divisions of modern physics. With the advent of lasers, holography, and the application of methods in the general theory of oscillations, optics had acquired a new shape. This has affected wave optics making it an integral part of the course of general physics. A feature of general physics as taught at MIPT is the application of teaching techniques using computers. Several of the computer simulation programs developed at the physics chair are used to illustrate lectures on physics.
Quantum Interference Phenomena in the Course of General Physics of MIPT Yu.M. Tsipenyuk Moscow Institute of Physics Technology Quantum interference phenomena which are the subject of lectures on quantum macrophysics are discussed. It is shown that the presentday experimental and theoretical successes in this field can be formulated without invoking of complicated mathematical approach and fit naturally into the course of general physics of highschools and universities.
Once more about Brakhistochrone and Tautochrone A.A. Ivanov, A.A. Lukyanov Russian Scientific Center "Kurchatov Institute" The little known original E. Bernoulli method of solving the problem of the curve of the quickest descent of mass point in gravitational field based on optical interpretation of mechanics problem is presented. A new simple method of solving the problem of the curve along which a mass point will be oscillate with the period which does not depend on amplitude is proposed.
Technical Universities of the 21st Century: New Place in the Economics of Russia A.D. Gladun, G.V. Krasovsky, A.A. Tupichenkov Moscow Institute of Physics Technology (State University) Stankin Moscow University of Technology The development tendency of technical universities  their transformation to universitiestechnoparks is revealed. This process is accompanied by reducing of government financing part of universities. The flow power of innovation projects is increasing by this as far as more and more projects are financing by nonstate organizations. These macrointegration processes take place under patronage of financialindustrial groups and may reduce to formation of technoparks  powerful innovation centers exceeding with possibilities of previous soviet science cities.
Students Knowledge Control in Learning Physics Course K.V. Pokazeev, Ig.L. Akselrod, Yu.P. Kurkin Moscow State University of Applied Biotechnology Methods of control testing are considered and experience of application of rating system of student knowledge evaluation is discussed in learning physic course at Moscow State University of Applied Biotechnology.
Collision of gQuantum and an Electron of Arbitrary Energy and Impulse G.N. Freiberg Moscow Institute of Physics Technology The article deals with two (analytic and geometric) ways too solve the problem of collision of gquantum and an electron of arbitrary values of their energy and impulse. The author dwells on spatial symmetry of the problem, which allows to draw a conclusion on the manner of recording the particles after interaction.
Frenel Diffraction at a Circular Slit G.N. Freiberg Moscow Institute of Physics Technology The topic of diffraction of electromagnetic waves at a circular aperture is considered through solving problems. The notion of source power is introduced, which allows to solve more complicated problems when a lens is set in the aperture. The method works for all possible parameters the optical system.
Forming of NonClassical Ideas by Study of Classical Mechanics V.V. Fomenko State Flight Academy of Ukraine The work concerns a problem of forming of the foundations of nonclassical thought of students by study of classical mechanics in general physics course on the base of the model of a particle moving under stochastic force action. Main features and value of the model are discussed from methodological and practical points of view.
Lorentz Transformation Interpreted as the Transformation of Oblique Coordinates M.M. Kononenko, Yu.T. Medvedev Institute of Applied Mechanics, Russian Academy of Sciences The special Lorentz transformation is interpreted as the transformation of coordinates from an oblique coordinate system into another such system. We build on the Euclidean plane two linear oblique coordinate systems K and K' such that 1) the formulas describing the transformation of coordinates from K' to K coincide with the formulas of the special Lorentz transformation connecting the temporal and spatial coordinates of two reference frames; 2) the scales of K and K' are the same. We then show that, up to an unimportant modification, these K and K' are the only two systems satisfying the stated conditions.
Interferometer Apodisation of Optics Systems A.V. Bondarenko, N.G. Vlasov, E.V. Lyalina The Moscow State Technological University "Stankin" The small addition to optics, known in a course, to laboratory work on study of a diffraction picture on cracks allowing to discuss statement and the decision of an apodisation task of optical systems is offered.
Laboratory of Rigid Bodies Dynamics in Practical General Physics Course E.I. Vasil'ev, A.S. Nifanov, A.M. Saletsky, A.I. Slepkov M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University The purpose of this paper is to present the new students laboratory "Dynamics of rigid bodies" of physics department of M.V. Lomonosov Moscow state university. This educational laboratory has been created for students studying of general physics course. The detailed description of the laboratory experiments and the methodology of teaching are presented in this paper.
F.F. Igoshin, I.G. Pochernin Moscow Institute of Physics Technology (State University) Operation principle of the transferredelectron diode is studied. Currentvoltage characteristic and main parameters of the diode are measured. Operating the harmonic oscillator based on the transferredelectron diode is analyzed.
The CrossSection of ElectronAtoms Interaction A.P. Ovchinnikov, A.A. Tevrukov, G.N. Freiberg Moscow Institute of Physics Technology The description of the laboratory work for students for determining the crosssection s of electronatoms interaction is given. The mechanism of electron scattering on the atoms is described. The experimental set up used for the measurements is described. The electrical scheme and the steps of conducting the work are given. The value of s measured in experiment is ~1015 cm2.
F.F. Igoshin, Yu.A. Samarskiy and Yu.M. Tsipenyuk Moscow Institute of Physics Technology The installation which makes it possible to study the process of nuclear resonance absorption of gammaquanta (MÃssbauer effect) by students in a laboratory of general physics is described. Resonance absorption of gammaquanta from stanum nuclei 119Sn in a compound BaSnO3 is studied at room temperature by means of the Doppler shift technique of Moessbauer emission and absorption lines. Position of the maximum of resonance absorption, its magnitude, and experimental width G of the line and corresponding lifetime of the nuclear isomer level 119mSn are determined.
Methodical Peculiarities of Special Practical Work, Taking into Account a Student Specialization T.I. Shishelova, L.V. Chilikanova and T.V. Sozinova Irkutsk State Technical University The variant of the program "Physical methods of research" for the students of Irkutsk State Technical University is offered.
The Lecture Demonstration of HuygensFresnel Principle P.V. Kazarin, S.N. Mensov, N.S. Stepanov Nizny Novgorod State University The lecture experiments with the use of surface waves which demonstrate explicitly formation of reflected and transmitted wave fronts as a result of interference between elementary secondary waves, according to HuygensFresnel principle, is presented. For visualization of this process along the separating boundary the rigid periodical grating whose individual cells could be considered as the discrete secondary sources is arranged. Recommendations on optimization of the experiment parameters and examples of recorded wave patterns are given.
S.B. Moscovsky K.D. Ushinsky State Pedagogic University of Yaroslavl' The authors present a program of a section in the course of Theoretical Physics "Statistical Physics and Thermodynamics" for the students of physics of a pedagogical university. We offer a probated structure of the educational process aimed at the optimum combination of theory and practice and a system of organization of independent work of students.
T.A. Chugunova, Yu.A. Samarskiy, A.D.Gladun, G.N.Yakovlev, I.G. Shompolov Moscow Institute of Physics Technology, Dolgoprudny, Moscow Region The system of selection, training and education of the gifted youth at a stage prehighschool of additional education, and also activity on perfection of skill of the teachers of mathematics and physics as through work at Correspondence Physicstechnical School is described at Moscow Physics Technology Institute (Technical University) and through system of courses of improvement of qualification.
Physical Laboratory Practice Structural Features in Training Alarm Security Systems Specialists V.A. Loginov, N.K. Sedykh, Yu.V. Spichkin Voronez Institute of Internal Affairs Ministry of Russian Federation Physical laboratory practice structural features in training alarm security systems specialists are described. Special attention is paid to links demonstration of studying physical phenomena and security system devices operating principles.
NaturalScientific Aspects of Ecology Teaching in High Educational Institutes of Defense Ministry N.A. Martemyanova, G.K. Starostenko, V.V. Chernyshev Military Aviation Technical University, chair of physics (MilitaryAir Engineering Academy by N.E. Zhukovsky) The program on "Ecology" course is presented as the essential part of general educational discipline "The bases of theory of natural processes", which was developed in Military aviation Technical University. The central point of the program shifted to the general laws of ecological systems processing and to the specific biogeochemical cycles in forming and surviving of ecosystems, their stability at the acting of anthropogenic factors as far as at biological and social consequences after disturbing of ecosystems stability.
