The Basic Physical Education as Modern Direction of the Engineering Technical University

A.V. Kupavtsev

N. Bauman Moscow State Technical University

The Basic Physical Education is kernel of the modern basic scientific of engineers in the technical university. The basic physical knowledge is formed by uncovering and systematizing of basic physical generalizations: basic physical models and imaginations, basic physical theories, Physical principles and universal regulations, Physical Picture of the World. There are study of the physical investigation method and scientific-theoretical way of thinking in the basic physical education. The basic engineering education contains training to physical subject activities by using of basic physical knowledge at training, investigation and designing works.

Conversion from the Subject to the Mathematical Description of Physical and Engineering Systems

V.S. Mikhalkin

Izhevsk State Technical University

It has been suggested the energy and bond graph models to ease the deduction of mathematical models of physical and engineering systems.

The basic physics involved in the description of mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, and thermal dynamic systems is phrased in terms of four types of generalized variables-effort, flow, displacement, and momentum.

Cosmic Rays in the Teaching Physics Laboratory

A.D. Gladun, F.F. Igoshin, Yu.M. Tsipenyuk

Moscow Institute of Physics Technology

The paper describes some laboratory experiments in nuclear physics which can be easy carried out with the help of cosmic rays in the course of general physics in all kinds of universities. The students get acquainted with the main properties of particles of the cosmic radiation and their interaction with substance. They also learn such fundamental notions as the cross-section of nuclear reactions, ionization and radiation energy losses by charged particles, the processes of decay and birth of elementary particles. Besides the students get acquainted with the techniques of detection of charged particles and dosimetry of nuclear radiation. The paper also contains the schemes of some more complicated experiments, which can be carried out in the laboratory.

Imitation of X-Rays Diffraction in the Optics

V.N. Vlasov, S.M. Kurbatov, A.U. Lukin

Moscow State Technical University STANKIN

It is shown, that the thick layers hologram, produced with interference of the two plane waves, in an analogous of the crystal structure for X-rays.

The Movement of a Body Governed by Random
Frictional Force

G.S. Kalenkov and S.G. Kalenkov

Moscow State University, MGTU MAMI

The movement of a body under random frictional force on incline is considered. Numerical experiments were done to determine descent time. The distribution of number of descents depending on time of descent is archived for the critical angle , where is the average value of the constant of dry friction.

Estimate of Efficiency of the Actual Heat-Engine Working
on a Carnot Cycle

V.S. Bulygin

Moscow Institute of Physics Technology

The expression for efficiency of a Carnot cycle is obtained in view of finite time of heat exchange with a calefactor and cooler body.

Doppler's Effect in Optics

V.N. Kologrivov, V.V. Tischenkova

Lomonosov Institute of Fine Chemical Technology

Using of vector analysis elements allow us to obtain a simple derivation of the frequencies ratio in the formula of Doppler's effect with random velocity directions of wave source and receiver and investigate light diffusion on a moving object

Educational Laboratory Complexes on Atomic Physics.
1. The Experiment of Franck and Hertz

V.A. Belavin, I.K. Kostin, V.A. Kvlividze, V.V. Radchenko, A.T. Rakhimov

Moscow State University

The proposed article uncloses the cycle of works devoted to the new approach to creating of the educational laboratory installations on atomic physics, providing a minimum necessary set of experiments for the Course of General Physics at universities. As well a problem is discussed, of creating of such installations for high schools and colleges. The main idea of the new approach is reduced to creating installations-imitators (simulators) adequately reflecting the modern scientific devices and their abilities in realization of experiment, and also containing within the actual experimental data obtained on modern scientific research installations, but much easier in tuning and operation, safe and inexpensive. The educational installations, created on this basis, were named The Educational Laboratory Complexes (ELC).

To the Method of Studying the Inductive Electrical Field in the Course of Physics

Yu.K. Kabasov

Trechgorni Polytechnic Institute Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
(Technical University)

This work deals with the problems of studying electromagnetic induction in the course of physics at the institutions of higher and secondary learning-at the example of generation of the inductive electrical field changed═in time by the magnetic field of long solenoid.

New Educational Experiments on Electron-Optical
Researches of Superweak Light Flows

M.V. Gorshechnikov, V.I. Zhavoronkov

Vyatka State Humanitary University

In the review the advantages of electronic optical are examined ay realization of educational physical experiment. The new installation on registration quantum fluctuations of a light flow is considered. The ways of simple visualization of separate kinds of luminescent are given.

Viscosimetry Based on the Measuring of Tuning Fork's Oscillation Damping Parameter

A.G. Zhdanov, A.P. Pyatakov

Moscow State University

A method of viscosimetry based on measurement of damping parameter of tuning fork's oscillation is suggested. This method can be used in the course of making laboratory plant while teaching the principles of the theory of oscillation and transfer phenomena. Owing to the whole number of advantages (using small volumes of liquids √ less than 1 ml, real time mode of measurements, wide range of viscosity values) the plant can be also used in a number of practical applications, for example biorheological blood test.

Obtaining and Demonstration of Oscillograms and Spectra of Acoustic Signals by Means of Sound Card and Fast Fourier Transform

N.M. Nagorskiy, M.V. Semenov, A.A. Yakuta

Moscow State University

There is described in the article the new computer demonstration device, which enables during the lecture presenting of the oscillograms and spectra of different acoustic signals. There is explained a mode of software operation, and examples of oscillograms and spectra are presented.

New Automated Demonstration Experiment "The Measurement of Drag Coefficient for Bodies of Different Forms"

M.V. Semenov, A.A. Yakuta

Moscow State University

There is described in the article the automated demonstration device, which allows during the lecture determining of the drag coefficient for bodies of different forms, observing their falling in the air. A method of experimental data treatment is explained and experimental results are presented.

The Solution of Tasks on the Mechanics in MathСad

V.G. Suppes

Novokuznetsk State Pedagogical Institute

The present paper is considered the technique of the solution of physical tasks to the mechanics in environment MathCad by use of graphic opportunities of a package, and also opportunity of study of dynamics of considered process with use of engineering of revival of the graphic images - animation.