Physics in Higher Education
T. 9, N 2, 2003
The contents


3 Introduction
V.I. Nikolaev
5 Information
8 The Scientific Grounding for Engineering Education
V.S. Idiatulin
24 Perturbation Theory for Bohr-Sommerfeld Atom. Hydrogenlike Ions and Rydberg States of Atoms
S.S. Krasilnikov
31 Topical Applied Problems and Their Part in a Modern Course of General Physics for Higher Technical Education
V.V. Kisin, Yu.A. Zyuryukin, A.Š. Knyazev
39 To Solve Applied Problems in Physics is an Important Aspect of Intensification of the Educational Activity of Students
M.S. Martynov
45 Universal Complex of Test Tasks Various Levels of Complexity as an Effective Method of Regular Control of Studentís Skills in Physics
N.E. Chebotareva, V.A. Fedorikhin, V.M. Simonov, A.V. Shilínikov, L.V. Zhoga
54 Joule-Thompson Effect in Radiation Stimulation of Hydrogen Release from Metals
I.P. Chernov, V.V. Larionov
59 Ratio of Full-Scale and Model Experiments in Physical Experiment
Yu.A. Voronin, R.M. Chudiusky
76 Study of Cosmic Rays in a Physical Practical Work of MSTU
P. V. Gramenitsky
84 Lightsensitive Devices in Atomic Practice of Physics Department of MSU
S.S. Krasilnikov, N.A. Krasilnikova, I.A. Savchenko, A.V. Smirnov
91 Hydrogen Concentration Definition in Metals by the Classical Hoffman Device
V.V. Larionov, A.M. Lider, I.P. Chernov
96 Observation of Bifurcation Transition in Convective Flow of Air
A. N. Trousevitch, A. P. Pyatakov
103 Laboratory of Lecture Demonstrations on General Physics Course
A.F. Gorbachev, V.A. Moskalev, L.Yu. Pivovarov
108 Laboratory Practical Work on Physics for Remote Training
N.N. Pribylov, E.I. Pribylova, S.A. Pritsepova
113 Computer Laboratory Practical Work on Molecular Physics
V.G. Suppes, G.M. Poletaev
125 Abstracts


The Scientific Grounding for Engineering Education
V.S. Idiatulin
Izhevsk State Agriculture Academy
The present day concepts in scientific grounding for students in higher vocational education are considered. The methodology of natural sciences and the reflection of the science reality into curriculum and studies are discussed.

Perturbation Theory for Bohr-Sommerfeld Atom. Hydrogenlike Ions and Rydberg States of Atoms
S.S. Krasilnikov
Moscow State University
Quantization rules of Bohr - Sommerfeld are reformulated to classical analogue of quantum mechanical perturbation theory of first order. The mean value of perturbation potentials of multipole form < const / rk  > n,l   ( k >=2 )   and its dependence on quantum numbers n, l are calculated ; the results are asymptotically correct at l >> 1. The examples of shifts and splittings of Balmer energy levels are listed Ė fine structure, quantum defects of Rydberg energy levels of atoms, etc. This method may be used in education courses of atomic physics.

Topical Applied Problems and Their Part in a Modern Course of General Physics for Higher Technical Education
V.V. Kisin, Yu.A. Zyuryukin, A.Š. Knyazev
Saratov State Technical University
Analyzing our teaching experience in Saratov Technical University, we consider the part played by topical applications in a modern course of General Physics for higher technical educational institutions. The problem is analyzed from the viewpoint of modern education requirements as well as the lecturer possibilities, complexity level of the basic physics course, optional (elective) components of the teaching program, objective sequence, and time resources. The main purpose of teaching the general physics course in a technical college is to deliver a system of fundamental knowledge in physics and to form an adequate physical intuition in student minds.
Simultaneously, the course should reflect the most topical applied problems.
During the whole history of progress, fundamental and applied science, industry demands and technological abilities were bind together complementing and influencing each other. The modern trend of permanent development of those binding and fruitful relationships can be illustrated in the lecture course by suitable examples prepared taking into account the student level of training.

To Solve Applied Problems in Physics is an Important Aspect of Intensification of the Educational Activity of Students
M.S. Martynov
Academy of the Federal Agency of Governmental Communications and Information under the President of the Russian Federation, Orel
The article describes the experience in the solution of problems in physics having intersubject character aimed at the intensification of the educational activity of students. Some examples of applied problems and recommendations to the teachers are presented.

Universal Complex of Test Tasks Various Levels of Complexity as an Effective Method of Regular Control of Studentís Skills in Physics
N.E. Chebotareva, V.A. Fedorikhin, V.M. Simonov, A.V. Shilínikov, L.V. Zhoga
Volgograd State Academy of Architecture and Civil Engineering, 400074, Volgograd, Russia, Akademicheskaja Str., 1.
E-mail: postmaster@vgasa.ru
Three-levels complex of theoretical and practical skills in general physics for students of non-physical specialities of technical institutions was created. The complex of test tasks in written and computer versions has been checked up at the department of physics VSAACE and proved its good quality in control of studentís skills.

Joule-Thompson Effect in Radiation Stimulation of Hydrogen Release from Metals
I.P. Chernov, V.V. Larionov
Tomsk Polytechnic University
e-mail: chernov@tpu.ru
The paper presents tasks compiled for practical training in physics (seminars) on "Real gases. Joule-Thompson effect". The tasks are intended for physical students and are based on phenomena studied by the authors in their research investigations. The correlation between scientific and academic purposes is always fruitful, and stimulates great interest among students.

Ratio of Full-Scale and Model Experiments in Physical Experiment
Yu.A. Voronin, R.M. Chudiusky
Voronezh State Pedagogical University

The article is devoted to the problem of a ratio between of full-scale and model types of experiment in physical experimenting. The authors consider a classification of experiments, and suggest a structural and functional scheme of getting knowledge with the help of full-scale and model experiments during the students practice in physics; they also define similarities and difference of a full-scale and model experiments in the cognitive and research processes, connected with studying phenomena and laws of nature; offer a structural scheme of full-scale and model experiments in the process in cognition; as well as the criteria that may be used for determining be relation these two types of experiments and consider the full-scale experiment as be primary one.

Study of Cosmic Rays in a Physical Practical Work of MSTU
P. V. Gramenitsky
Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Physics Department
The practical works on study of cosmic rays in the general physics lab combining real measurements and computer simulation are described.

Lightsensitive Devices in Atomic Practice of Physics Department of MSU
S.S. Krasilnikov, N.A. Krasilnikova, I.A. Savchenko, A.V. Smirnov
Moscow State University
The experience of use those devices in laboratory practice of Physics Department of MSU is presented.

Hydrogen Concentration Definition in Metals by the Classical Hoffman Device
V.V. Larionov, A.M. Lider, I.P. Chernov
Tomsk Polytechnic University
The problem of application of well-known classical devices is considered for demonstration of new scientific achievement in the field of modern physics and their introduction in educational process that allows simply enough to use information technologies "of direct access".

Observation of Bifurcation Transition in Convective Flow of Air
A.N. Trousevitch, A.P. Pyatakov
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University

Simple experiment is proposed that enables to observe intricate phenomenon of nonlinear nonequilibrium thermodynamics by means of horizontal temperature distribution measurements at different heights over an electric stove. This phenomenon is organization of the heat air flow into two different spatial structures separated by the nonequilibrium state zone corresponding to the bifurcation point.

Laboratory of Lecture Demonstrations on General Physics Course
A.F. Gorbachev, V.A. Moskalev, L.Yu. Pivovarov
Tomsk Polytechnic University
We present here the report on the modern status of the laboratory of lecture demonstrations on general physics course at Tomsk Polytechnic University.

Laboratory Practical Work on Physics for Remote Training
N.N. Pribylov1, E.I. Pribylova 2, S.A. Pritsepova1
1Russian State Open Technical University Railway
2Russian State Technical University
The features of construction of a laboratory practical work on physics are reviewed at a remote method of training, with application of virtual laboratory activities by means of medium of graphic programming LabVIEW. As an example the laboratory activity
"Analyses of radiation spectrums of an ideal black body" is described. In activities developed with the help LabVIEW laboratory, there is a capability of implementation of the fissile form(shape) of experiment: the operatings of the operator determine outcome, received by him.

Computer Laboratory Practical Work on Molecular Physics
V.G. Suppes, G.M. Poletaev
Kuzbas State Pedagogic Academia
In the present work the opportunity of use of a method of molecular dynamics is considered at spelling of the programs for a computer laboratory practical work on molecular physics. It is shown that the application two-measuring model of a crystal gives at performance of laboratory work results satisfactorily conterminous to known experimental values of the investigated characteristics of metals.